2017年GRE考试写作作文思路辅导九

2017-02-15 17:31 来源:网络综合
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  •   GRE写作题目:

      17"There are two types of laws: just and unjust. Every individual in a society has a responsibility to obey just laws and, even more importantly, to disobey and resist unjust laws."

      GRE写作思路解析及提纲:

      17 同意要遵守公正法律,反对不公正法律,但也有一些法律很难区分公正与否

      1、法律是维护社会秩序的工具,只有遵守法律才能维持社会公平

      criminal law can deal with murder, theft, adultery, or the like; economical law provides a rule for

      economic activity and settles the dispute between both sides of the trade; tax law makes sure that tax

      is handed in according to the tax standard.

      2、当法律伤害大部分人利益的时候,是不公正的,要反对

      Hitler made a series of laws which could be treated as unjust laws. Under the control of Hitler and his

      laws, mass of the Jews were killed optionally as he liked, and no justice any more then. Still, warm

      hearted people in German would like to disobey the laws and hide the Jews in their house. More and

      more people including several judges began to resist the laws in spite of the miserable results followed.

      If it were not for the resisting of people to the laws and Hitler, no success would be reached.

      3、但是现代社会中也有一些法律很难区分公正与否,立法者需要控制好平衡,

      交通事故 如果大家都被动地遵守,势必要牺牲一部分人的利益;如果每个人都根据自己的利益决定是否要遵守,会

      导致社会混乱;所要立法者主持公道

      17. 有两种法律:公正的和不公正的。社会中的每个人都有责任遵守公正的法律,更重要的是,不遵守和抵制不公

      正的法律。

      [BEGIN:] The argument that people in a society should obey just law and disobey unjust law seems

      relatively sound, while after considering the intricate definition of law, the statement above is

      oversimplify the influence of the law upon the human world.

      1、 首先,把法律归类为正义和非正义太过于简单 (First of all, the items just and unjust are too simple to be

      used to categorize the kinds of laws because some laws may not be defined as either just or

      unjust.) 克隆、原子弹

      2、 法律并不像人们想象的那样是一成不变的 (The laws should not keep constant, as many people think,

      on the contrary, they should be challenged and mended in the progress of social development.)

      3、 首先,正义的概念是随着传统和其他条件而变的 (In the first place, the item "just" is going to vary

      greatly according to different traditions, costume and other conditions.)价值观:堕胎 abortion

      4、 同样的非正义也是随着因素而改变的 (While, it is precisely the same when it comes to the unjust law.)

      时间:违抗政府的命令;电脑犯罪(computer crime)

      5、 同样的过分强调人们遵守正义和抵制非正义的东西,也会造成一些问题 (Unduly emphasizing people to

      resist the unjust laws also spell certain risks. In the first place, unjust laws are not constant

      concept but may ) 首先,阻碍社会民主进程(For one thing, compelling all the people unconditional

      accept and obey the just laws may in some sense impede the process of the democracy in the

      nation.) 其次,忽略了传统价值观念在社会中的作用( In addition, it may also undermine the

      fundamental influence of the traditional value systems upon the human society. As is so often

      pointed out that the regulations and laws is just a manifestation of the value and standard of the

      human civilizations. In this respect, inculcating people with the traditional value systems are far

      more important than compel them within the bound of the law.)

      [END:] In summary, as one of the crucial elements of modern society, the laws have to be served as

      the guidance for almost all the citizens to live and work in a right way and also provide them with a 26

      stabilized climate.

      ISSUE17

      遵守公正法律,抵抗不公正

      1 法律,which 用来维持社会的秩序和规范人们行为,没有绝对的公平。第一,很多法律不存在是否公平,仅仅用

      来定义,以方便其他条款的叙述。比如什么是成年人,什么是儿童,什么是死亡等等;另一方面,公正是一个主观

      词语,不同的价值观看到的是不同的法律。比如死刑在某些国家来看是不可容忍的,因为任何人无权剥夺其他人生

      命;而在另一些国家来说,他们的价值观认为杀人必须进行偿命。所以说,法律的公正与否与价值观有很大关系。

      2 法律的公正也与当事人的利益有关。几乎没有一个法律的判决或者惩罚是另 plaintiff和 defendant完全满意的,

      那么不满意的一方必然会觉得法律不公正。比如,在交通事故中,法院根据法律条款要求被告赔偿原告 1000dollars,

      被告觉得太多不能接受,那么他自然会觉得法律不公平。这种不公平是无法消除的,它在不同人的 mind 里不同。

      如果这种情况下,被告因为所谓的不公平而拒绝进行给钱,那么等待他的是更严厉的判罚,法律是不允许违背的。

      所以说,对于不公正的法律不能够用抵抗的方法进行抗议。

      3 在民主国家里,对于你认为不公平的法律,不管是不是真的不公平,你可以采用合法合理的手段来进行抗议。比

      如要求重新审理,或者引起媒体和学者们的注意,从而引起社会的广泛关注。当政府收到广泛的压力后自然就会重

      新研究该项条款,进行修改。这样的反抗既没有违法,有可以达到很好的效果

      17 有两种法律:公平的和不公平的。社会中的每个人都应该遵守公平的法律,更重要的是,不遵守或者违抗不公平

      的法律。

      1-法律的正义不正义没有绝对的定义 is rarely a straight forward issue

      很多法律没什么正义不正义

      法律的一项功能:keep everything in order

      比如:未满十六岁喝酒,吸烟

      未满十八岁进网吧

      未满二十二岁不能结婚 法定年龄 legal age: The age at which a person may by law assume the

      rights and responsibilities of an adult.

      1)在不同观念和文化中不同

      法律的功能:to govern a society , control the behavior of its members

      比如:该不该判死刑 death penalty

      口香糖 chewing gum

      安乐死 euthanasia

      2)在不同利益者中不同

      法律的一项功能是和平解决纠纷 resolve disputes peacefully

      This is especially true when it comes to personal affairs.

      Even in a well-ordered society, people have disagreements and conflicts arise. The law must provide

      a way to resolve these disputes peacefully. If two people claim to own the same piece of property, we

      do not want the matter settled by a duel: we turn to the law and to institutions like the courts to decide

      who is the real owner and to make sure that the real owner’s rights are respected.

      有争议就有利益纠纷,而争议永远存在。有审判就有满意不满意,just unjust 在两方定义不同。

      2-法律不遵守,disobedience 会带来危害 poses certain risks , jeopardize to

      比如:交通左右

      Driving would be dangerous and chaotic.

      法律和风俗思想情感不同:

      Laws resemble morality because they are designed to control or alter our behavior. But unlike rules of

      morality, laws are enforced by the courts; if you break a law—whether you like that law or not—you 27

      may be forced to pay a fine, pay damages, or go to prison.

      17 在民主社会中,法律的作用是。但是法律有时候可以被认为是 just和unjust 的。

      对于不同的利益群体来说,比如污染环境的工厂,环境保护法要求进行污染治理,增加的成本造成工资下降和失业,

      工人利益因为法律而收到损害,认为法律 unjust,而周围的居民则认为法律是 just

      对不同文化背景和宗教背景的人来说。比如刚移民到美国的亚洲人,也许在教育孩子时侯有点暴力是可以的,但是

      当地人肯定认为这是家庭暴力。被法律惩罚的亚洲父母认为法律是unjust

      但是法律不仅仅规定了行为,还给了合法的途径去改变,废除法律。如果 disobey 和 resist,只能降低法律权威和

      造成非理智的冲突,危害社会稳定,举刚才工厂的例子,村民与工人的冲突。

      17 【题目】

      "There are two types of laws: just and unjust. Every individual in a society has a responsibility to obey

      just laws and, even more importantly, to disobey and resist unjust laws."

      【翻译】

      有两种法律:公正的和不公正的。每个社会成员都有责任遵守公正的法律,但是更重要的是,更应该不遵守和反抗

      不公正的法律。

      【提纲】

      1、我们应当自觉遵守维护法律秩序,特别是公正的法律,用以维护社会的秩序,这样一方面能够维护社会的秩序,

      例如交通法规,另一方面通过约束他人保障公民自己的权利

      2、对于不公正的法律,我们更应该不遵守或者反抗以保证维护的正义,例如希特勒二战期间屠杀犹太人的法律

      3、然而,在实际生活中,由于价值观的不同,我们很难正确辨别哪些法律是不公正的法律,如对于安乐死和死刑,

      不同国家法律有不同的规定

      4、结论,在可辨认的前提下,我们要坚决遵守公正法律抵制不公正的法律

      17. 公正和不公正的法律

      一、Can we?不行。不同意,for reasons having to do with subjective definition of justice, the ideal form

      of laws, and the principle of legislation.

      二、公正是不好说的 Fairness, a subjective judgment, can never be the standard of a law because

      everyone has a distinctive measure.

      1.每个人都有 value system,priorities. 杀人犯, abortion

      2.不可能 gratify 每个人, emotional, radical, chaos

      三、法律理想的状态

      1.如果满足每个人,将不再满足抽象性。满足每个人 unilateral意味着 ruin the integrity 和 practicality

      2. 个人 judgment 不能带代表全部,尽管他 cries for justice

      四、涉及到法律的原则性问题 bills are voted by the majority and after their pass, everyone is equal, which

      is the base of any democratic society.

      1.法案是多数人通过的,且它通过以后,法律面前人人平等。这样使得人们德权利得到保护,不同于奴隶封建社会,

      权威想干什么就干什么

      2.Resist 意味着赋予某人 privilege,破坏法律的平等性

      3. erudite的 Socrates

      17T "There are two types of laws: just and unjust. Every individual in a society has a responsibility to

      obey just laws and, even more importantly, to disobey and resist unjust laws." 17. 有两种法律:公平

      的和不公平的。社会中的每个人都应该遵守公平的法律,更重要的是,应该不遵守或者违抗不公平的法律

      两个 assertion

      ①把法律分为公平的和不公平的过于简单。有很多内容没有包括。如:网络犯罪

      ②对于公平和不公平的定义在变化。如:是否应有死刑(execution), euthanasia

      ③对第二个 assertion: 确实要遵守公平的 Undoubtedly, every citizen should obey just laws, which 28

      preconditions a stable and orderly society.

      ④对不公平的要看情况, 可以反抗,同时也促进法律进步。Yet it is more important for individuals to resist

      unjust laws, for doing so will help improve the legal system of a nation.不合作主义 civil disobedience

      Laws and regulations are set up along with the entrenchment of a government serving as a means to

      control the country.

      Since laws are built up under the power of government, which represents the public interest whereas

      run by a few individuals, it is quite possible that laws are constituted in the name of representing the

      majority while on the contrary in a few individuals favor.

      Facing unjust laws, every individual has the very responsibility to resist them.

      No matter that whether every individual could reach an agreement on unjust or not, one point is

      important that we should put forward our opinions toward unjust laws.