2017年托福听力科学美国人60秒:HUGC-1星团

2017-07-27 16:55 来源:网络综合
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  科学美国人60秒中英文翻译:HUGC-1星团
  科学美国人60秒英文文本
  This is Scientific American 60 Secomds, Space. I'm Clara Moskowitz, got a minute?
  If galaxies were high school lunchrooms, the star cluster named HVGC-1 would be a social pariah. This unpopular cluster has been kicked out of its galaxy and forced to wander the cosmos alone.
  星团2.jpg
  HVGC-1 stands for hypervelocity globular cluster 1. Its thousands of stars had been part of the M87 galaxy, about 50 million light-years away. But now the cluster is fleeing that galaxy at more than two million miles per hour. Researchers reported the discovery in The Astrophysical Journal Letters.
  Astronomers are not sure why HVGC-1 was exiled from M87. One theory suggests that gravitational interactions with a pair of supermassive black holes at the galaxy's center could have kicked out the cluster. Most galaxies contain a single giant black hole. If M87 is the product of a merger of two galaxies, it might host two central black holes in a binary system, researchers say.
  In fact, that same double black hole future might await the Milky Way when we collide with our neighboring galaxy, Andromeda, in a few billion years. At which point, some star cluster may find itself ejected from the Milky Way, just like the ostracized HVGC-1.
  Thanks for the minute for Scientific American 60 Secomds, Tech. I'm Clara Moskowitz.