冲刺四级高分:短文听力解题技巧(中)

2017-08-23 15:32 来源:网络综合
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【导语】以下是无忧考网为大家整理的冲刺四级高分:短文听力解题技巧(中),供大家参考。

6大设题点

1. 篇首处常考

篇首出题已经强调多次了,这种出题方式比较容易掌握,通常是开篇点到文章讨论的话题时即出现第一个问题。

这类试题往往可以由关键词判断答案。

2. 篇尾处常考

篇尾出题相对比较难,因为又要听录音,又要看选项,同时还要做出预测和选择,好像没余下什么时间用来判断文章何时结束。

但是,篇尾出题还是有规律可循的。篇尾题常为细节题或者推论题,特别要注意做出某种结论的地方。

3. 表示并列、转折、因果关系以及强调处常考

若文中出现下列词语,则要注意: 如not only…but also, because, so, since, but, however, the only 等。

例1: What shouldn’t be too surprising according to the speaker?

A) Sales assistants promoting high margin goods.

B) Customers competing for good bargains.

C) Sales assistants following customers around.

D) Customers losing all sense of time.

原文: Supermarkets have made selling such a fine art that their customers often lose all sense of time. When interviewed, customers normally guess they’ve only spent half an hour in the supermarket even when they have been there for over 45 minutes. But that shouldn’t be too surprising. Any really profitable supermarket knows that it should keep its clocks well hidden.

答案: D)。短文提到了调查,接受调查的顾客中,很多已经在超市里待了45分钟的人感觉自己仅待了半个小时,

因此,调查发现顾客在超市时没有了时间感,而这一现象并不奇怪,故答案为D)。

4. 表示类比和举例处常考

若文中出现以下词语,一定要多加注意: 如for example, for instance, firstly, secondly, thirdly, the first, the second, first, next等。

例2: What does the speaker say about Trent Maguire, a thirteen-year-old boy?

A) He always boasts about his rich father.

B) He has too much to know the value of things.

C) He will grow up to be good for nothing.

D) He is too young to manage his inherited property.

原文: When every dream can come true, kids don’t learn the value of anything because they have everything. A thirteen-year-old boy, Trent Maguire, has a driver, credit cards and unlimited cash to do what he wants when he wants to. “One day, I’ll earn more than my dad!” he boasts.

答案: B)。短文提到,当每个梦想都实现时,孩子们不会知道任何事物的价值,因为他们已经拥有了一切。13岁的特伦•马奎尔有司机、信用卡以及无限量的现金,他可以想干什么就干什么。

由此可知,他拥有太多,所以不知道事物的价值,故答案为B)。

5. 年份、年龄、价钱、时间等数字处常考

例3: What is the speaker complaining about?

A) The lack of time. C) The frustrations at work. B) The quality of life. D) The pressure on working families.

原文: This is hardly a lonesome complaint, according to the families and work institutes, national study of the changing work force, 55% of the employees say they don’t have enough time for themselves, 63% don’t have enough time for their spouses or partners, and 67% don’t have enough time for their children.

答案: A)。短文提到,55%的员工说他们没有足够的时间供自己支配,

63%的员工说他们没有足够的时间陪伴自己的配偶或情侣,

67%的员工说他们没有足够的时间陪伴自己的孩子。

由此可知,在抱怨的是没有时间,故A)为答案。

6. 形容词和副词比较级与最高级处常考

例4: Why does the speaker say financial targets are less likely to motivate workers?

A) They will not bring real benefits to the staff. B) They concern a small number of people only. C) They are arbitrarily set by the administrators. D) They are beyond the control of ordinary workers.

原文: Such values are more likely to motivate workers than financial targets which automatically only concern a few people. Unfortunately, there’s only a limited number of such goals to go around and by definition, not all the competing companies in that industry can seriously plan to be the best.

答案: B)。短文提到,团队精神比金钱更能激发员工的工作热情,因为金钱利益必然只会与个别人相关。因此,答案为B)。