高中生英语语法句子【5篇】

2022-03-31 09:51:00   无忧考网     [ 字体: ] [ 文档预览 ] [ 文档下载 ]

#英语资源# 导语】中国经济的迅猛发展以及成功地加入世界贸易组织呼唤越来越多的能运用英语进行交际地人才。因此,英语的重要性在中国已经引起广泛的关注。®无忧考网为大家准备了以下内容,供大家参考阅读。

1.高中生英语语法句子

  1. that

  既可以用于指人,也可以用于指物。在从句中作主语或宾语,作主语时不可省略,作宾语可省略。例如:

  Mary likes music that is quiet and gentle.玛丽喜欢轻柔的音乐。(that作主语)
  
  The coat (that) I put on the desk is blue.我放在桌子上的那件外套是蓝色的。(that作宾语)

  2.which用于指物,在句中作主语或宾语,作主语不可省略,作宾语可省略。例如:

  The building which stands near the train station is a supermarket.位于火车站附近的那座大楼是一家超市。(作主语)

  The film (which) we saw last night was wonderful. 我们昨天晚上看的那部电影很好看。(作宾语)

  3.who, whom用于指人,who 用作主语,whom用作宾语。在口语中,有时可用who代替whom, 也可省略。例如:

  The girl who often helps me with my English is from England.经常在英语方面帮助我的那个女孩是英国人。(作主语)

  Who is the teacher (whom) Li Ming is talking to?

2.高中生英语语法句子

  (1)when指时间,其先行词表示时间,在句中作时间状语。例如:

  This was the time when he arrived.这是他到达的时间。

  (2)where指地点,其先行词表示地点,在句中作地点状语。例如:

  This is place where he works.这是他工作的地点。
  
  (3)why 指原因,其先行词是原因,起原因状语作用。例如:

  Nobody knows the reason why he is often late for school. 没人知道他为什么上学总迟到。

3.高中生英语语法句子

一、 动词-ing形式的特征和种类

与动词不定式一样,动词的-ing形式也具有动词的特征,有时态和语态的变化,并可带状语、宾语等。

A.动词-ing形式的一般式

1. 动词-ing形式的一般式可用来泛指一个动作,没有特别的时间意义。

Swimming is her favorite sport. 游泳是她最喜欢的体育运动。

Learning is important to modern life. 学习对现代生活很重要。

2. 动词-ing形式的一般式可用来表示和谓语动词同时发生的动作。

They went out of the classroom, talking and laughing. 他们有说有笑地走出教室。

She listened carefully to her neighbours speaking. 她倾听她邻居的讲话。

3. 动词-ing形式的一般式有时也可表示在谓语动词的动作之前或之后发生的动作。

I remembered sending him an e-mail last week. 我记得上星期给他发过一份电子邮件。

He suggested taking my daughter to the zoo the next Sunday. 他建议下个星期天带我女儿去动物园。

B. 动词-ing形式的完成式

动词的-ing形式的完成式表示一个已完成的动作,这个动作发生或完成在谓语动词表示的动作之前。

Having lived in this city for three years, she knows it very well. 在这个城市生活了3年,她对这里已很熟悉。

I really regretted having missed such an exciting lecture. 错过了这么振奋人心的演讲,我真的很遗憾。

注意:

在现代英语中,作宾语的-ing形式的完成式可用一般式来代替。

I really regretted missing such an exciting lecture. 错过了这么振奋人心的演讲,我真的很遗憾。(=I really regretted having missed such an exciting lecture.)

We remembered seeing the film. 我们记得看过这部电影。(=We remembered having seen the film. )

C. 动词-ing形式的被动形式

动词的-ing形式的被动形式表示它的逻辑主语是-ing形式表示的动作的承受者。

1.一般式的被动形式

The question being discussed is very important. 正在讨论的问题很重要。

I can't stand being kept waiting. 我不堪久候。

2.完成式的被动形式

I heard of his having been chosen to be the coach of the team. 我听说他被选为球队的教练。

Having been shown the lab, we were taken to see the school library.在被带去看了实验室之后,我们又被带去参观校图书馆。

4.高中生英语语法句子

等常见考点。

主谓一致是指:

1) 语法形式上要一致,即单复数形式与谓语要一致。

2) 意义上要一致,即主语意义上的单复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致。

3) 就近原则,即谓语动词的单复形式取决于最靠近它的词语,

一般来说,不可数名词用动词单数,可数名词复数用动词复数。例如:

There is much water in the thermos.

但当不可数名词前有表示数量的复数名词时,谓语动词用复数形式。例如:

Ten thousand tons of coal were produced last year.

15.1 并列结构作主语时谓语用复数,例如:

Reading and writing are very important. 读写很重要。

注意:当主语由and连结时,如果它表示一个单一的概念,即指同一人或同一物时,谓语动词用单数,and 此时连接的两个词前只有一个冠词。例如:

The iron and steel industry is very important to our life. 钢铁工业对我们的生活有重要意义。

典型例题

The League secretary and monitor ___ asked to make a speech at the meeting.

A. is  B. was  C. are  D. were

答案B. 注: 先从时态上考虑。这是过去发生的事情应用过去时,先排除A.,C。本题易误选D,因为The League secretary and monitor 好象是两个人,但仔细辨别,monitor 前没有the,在英语中,当一人兼数职时只在第一个职务前加定冠词。后面的职务用and 相连。这样本题主语为一个人,所以应选B。

15.2 主谓一致中的靠近原则

1)当there be 句型的主语是一系列事物时,谓语应与最邻近的主语保持一致。例如:

There is a pen, a knife and several books on the desk. 桌上有一支笔、一把小刀和几本书。

There are twenty boy-students and twenty-three girl-students in the class.班上有二十个男孩,二十三个女孩。

2)当either… or… 与neither… nor,连接两个主语时,谓语动词与最邻近的主语保持一致。如果句子是由here, there引导,而主语又不止一个时,谓语通常也和最邻近的主语一致。例如:

Either you or she is to go. 不是你去,就是她去。

Here is a pen, a few envelops and some paper for you. 给你笔、信封和纸。

15.3 谓语动词与前面的主语一致

当主语有with, together with, like, except, but, no less than, as well as 等词组成的短语时,谓语动词与前面的主语部分一致。例如:

The teacher together with some students is visiting the factory. 教师和一些学生在参观工厂。

He as well as I wants to go boating.他和我想去划船。

15.4 谓语需用单数

1)代词each以及由every, some, no, any等构成的复合代词作主语时,或主语中含有each, every时, 谓语需用单数。例如:

Each of us has a tape-recorder. 我们每人都有录音机。

There is something wrong with my watch. 我的表坏了。

2)当主语是一本书或一条格言时,谓语动词常用单数。例如:

The Arabian Night is a book known to lovers of English. 《天方夜谭》是英语爱好者熟悉的一本书。

3)表示金钱,时间,价格或度量衡的复合名词作主语时,通常把这些名词看作一个整体,谓语一般用单数。例如:

Three weeks was allowed for making the necessary preparations. 用三个星期来做准备。

Ten yuan is enough. 十元够了。

15.5 指代意义决定谓语的单复数

1)代词what, which, who, none, some, any, more, most, all等词的单复数由其指代的词的单复数决定。例如:

All is right. 一切顺利。

All are present. 人都到齐了。

2)集体名词作主语时,谓语的数要根据主语的意思来决定。如family, audience, crew, crowd, class, company, committee等词后,谓语动词用复数形式时强调这个集体中的各个成员,用单数时强调该集体的整体。例如:

His family isn\'t very large. 他家成员不多。

His family are music lovers. 他家个个都是音乐爱好者。

但集合名词people, police, cattle, poultry等在任何情况下都用复数形式。例如:

Are there any police around? 附近有警察吗?

3)有些名词,如variety, number, population, proportion, majority 等有时看作单数,有时看作复数。例如:

A number of +名词复数+复数动词。

The number of +名词复数+单数动词。

A number of books have lent out.

The majority of the students like English.

15.6 与后接名词或代词保持一致

1)用half of, most of, none of, heaps of, lots of, plenty of 等引起主语时,谓语动词通常与of后面的名词/代词保持一致。例如:

Most of his money is spent on books. 他大部分的钱化在书上了。

Most of the students are taking an active part in sports. 大部分学生积极参与体育运动。

2)用a portion of, a series of, a pile of, a panel of 等引起主语时,谓语动词通常用单数。例如:

A series of accidents has been reported. 媒体报道了一连串的事故。

A pile of lots was set beside the hearth. 炉边有一堆木柴。

3)如 many a 或 more than one 所修饰的短语作主语时,谓语动词多用单数形式。但由more than… of 作主语时,动词应与其后的名词或代词保持一致。例如:

Many a person has read the novel. 许多人读过这本书。

More than 60 percent of the students are from the city.百分之六十多的学生来自这个城市。



5.高中生英语语法句子

助动词have的用法如下:

1)have +过去分词,构成完成时态,例如:

He has left for London. 他已去了伦敦。

By the end of last month, they had finished half of their work.

上月未为止,他们已经完成工作的一半。

2)have + been +现在分词,构成完成进行时,例如:

I have been studying English for ten years.

我一直在学英语,已达十年之久。

3)have+been +过去分词,构成完成式被动语态,例如:

English has been taught in China for many years.

中国教英语已经多年。

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