陕西省宝鸡市高三会考英语试题及答案

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陕西省宝鸡市金台区高三会考英语试题(卷) 第I卷(两部分,共95分) 第一部分:英语知识运用(共三节,满分50分) 第一节 语音知识(共5小题,满分5分) 从A、B、C、D四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项。 1. feather A. reality B. meant C. recreate D. feature 2. perfect A. service B. southern C. hero D. perhaps 3. singer A. younger B. angry C. language D. strength 4. compare A. company B. continue C. common D. concert 5. president A. conclusion B. pleasure C. housing D. advertisement 第二节 语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的选项。 6. ___ majority of the citizens voted for Hank as ___ president of the committee in charge of __ trade and tourism. A. A; the; the B. /; the ; the ; C. The; a; the D. The ; / ; / 7.Having checked the door was closed , and ___ all the lights were off, the boy opened the door to his bedroom. A. why B. that C. when D. where 8.The country life he was used to ____ greatly since 1992. A. change B. has changed C. changing D. changed 9.---I’d like one of you to come to the party with me . --- Who would you rather ____ you , Tom or me ? A. accompany B. have to accompany C. to accompany D. accompanied 10.The president’s speech was _____ boring; it was, in fact, rather inspiring and interesting. A. anything but B. nothing but C. no more D. all but 11.Many people think that the old tower must be saved, _____ the cost. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. wherever 12.Cars moved very slowly in the 1930s, but they ___ faster than in the 1920s. A. were moving B. had moved C. did move D. would move 13.Before the war broke out, many people ___ in safe places possessions they could not take with them. A. threw away B. carried away C. gave away D. put away 14.Whenever he was asked why he was late for class, he would answer carelessly, always____ the same thing. A. saying B. said C. to say D. having said 15.Jack, who are you waiting for? ______ me a camera this afternoon. A. A friend wants to lend B. A friend intends to lend C. A friend to lend D. A friend will lend 16.I think that you should know the stone ___ last night ___ two and a half tons. A. weighed; is weighed B. weighing; is weighed C. weighed, weighs D. weighing; weighs 17.Food safety is ____ important, so the government spares no efforts to prevent food pollution. A. highly B. strongly C. naturally D. reasonably 18.You can use a large plastic bottle, ___ cut off, as a pot to grow young plants in . A. the top is B. whose top C. the top of which D. with its top 19.____ , he talks a lot about his favorite singers after class . A. A quiet student as he may be B. Quiet student as he may be C. Be a quiet student as he may D. Quiet as he may be a student 20.---Do you think we can get there on time ? --- Yes, ____ the car doesn’t break down. A. even if B. in case C. so long as D. only if 第三节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的选项。 I was recently invited to lecture on anxiety to several hundred mental-health professionals. My talk was scheduled to _21_ those of a number of famous psychiatrists(精神病学家). When my turn came, I was especially 22 because the speaker before me had been particularly impressive and charming. As I approached the podium(讲台), my heart pounded and my mouth went completely 23 . What am I doing here? I asked myself. To make matters worse, my presentation(报告) partly 24 with fear of public speaking. To 25 myself, I tried an unusual way. I asked the audience, “How many of you feel nervous 26 you give a speech?” Nearly every hand 27 .“Well, that’s exactly 28 I feel right now!” The audience 29 with laughter. I relaxed and was able to get on with my 30 . 31 , we all find ourselves in a 32 that makes us nervous. Perhaps you’re afraid of saying 33 things at a drinking party, stumbling over a presentation at work or having your 34 go blank during a test. For some of us the anxiety is so 35 that it is personally and professionally incapacitating(使无能). 36 the years, my work with hundreds of patients has taught me that 37 can increase his or her social 38 , even in the most stressful situations. And I have a few simple but helpful 39 , such as tackling your fears one step at a time; focusing on others; 40 anxiety into energy and stopping comparing yourself, which I think are of great value to us in our work. 21. A. take B. follow C. observe D. learn 22. A. worried B. eager C. nervous D. anxious 23. A. sweet B. wet C. bad D. dry 24. A. dealt B. went C. stayed D. left 25. A. comfort B. calm C. enjoy D. delight 26. A. during B. while C. before D. when 27. A. went up B. raised C. lifted D. brought up 28. A. what B. how C. when D. why 29. A. shouted B. cried C. responded D. answered 30. A. job B. idea C. speech D. nervousness 31. A. At times B. At any time C. All the time D. At one time 32. A. state B. condition C. situation D. position 33. A. foolish B. wonderful C. believable D. false 34. A. head B. mind C. heart D. brain 35. A. important B. valuable C. difficult D. strong 36. A. For B. Through C. During D. Over 37. A. anyone B. someone C. none D. no one 38. A. position B. experience C. knowledge D. confidence 39. A. tips B. ideas C. means D. abilities 40. A. putting B. turning C. forcing D. getting 第二部分:阅读理解(共25小题。第一节每小题2分,第二节每小题1分;满分45分) 第一节 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出选项。 A In the course of working my ways through school, I took many jobs I would rather forget. But none of these jobs was as dreadful as my job in an apple plant. The work was hard; the pay was poor; and, most of all, the working conditions were terrible. First of all, the job made huge demands on my strength. For ten hours a night, I took boxes that rolled down a metal track and piled them onto a truck. Each box contained twelve heavy bottles of apple juice. I once figured out that I was lifting an average of twelve tons of apple juice every night. I would not have minded the difficulty of the work so much if the pay had not been so poor. I was paid the lowest wage of that time—two dollars an hour. Because of the low pay, I felt eager to get as much as possible. I usually worked twelve hours a night but did not take home much more than $100 a week. But even more than the low pay, what made me unhappy was the working conditions. During work I was limited to two ten—minute breaks and an unpaid half hour for lunch. Most of my time was spent outside loading trucks with those heavy boxes in near—zero—degree temperatures. The steel floors of the trucks were like ice, which made my feet feel like stone. And after the production line shut down at night and most people left, I had to spend two hours alone cleaning the floor. I stayed on the job for five months, all the while hating the difficulty of the work, the poor money, and the conditions under which I worked. By the time I left, I was determined never to go back there again. 41. Why did the writer have to take many jobs at that time? A. To pay for his schooling B. To save for his future C. To support his family D. To gain some experience 42. The following facts describe the terrible working conditions of the plant EXCEPT____. A. loading boxes in the freezing cold B. having limited time for breaks C. working and studying at the same time D. getting no pay for lunch time 43. What is the subject discussed in the text? A. The writer’s unhappy school life B. The writer’s eagerness to earn money C. The writer’s experience as a full—time worker D. The writer’s hard work in an apple plant 44. How is the text organized? A. Topic—Argument –Explanation. B. Opinion—Discussion—Description. C. Main idea—Comparison—Supporting examples. D. Introduction—Supporting examples—Conclusion. B One of our biggest fears nowadays in that our kids might some day get lost in a “sea of technology” rather than experiencing the natural world. Fear-producing TV and computer games are leading to a serious disconnect between kids and the great outdoors , which will change the wild places of the world, its creatures and human health for the worse , unless adults get working on child’s play. Each of us has a place in nature we go sometimes, even if it was torn down. We cannot be the last generation to have that place. At this rate, kids who miss the sense of wonder outdoors will not grow up to be protectors of natural landscapes . “If the decline inparks use continues across North America , who will defend parks against encroachment(蚕食)?” asks Richard Louv, author of Last Child in the Woods. Without having a nature experience, kids can turn out just fine, but they are missing out a huge enrichment of their lives. That applies to everything from their physical health and mental health , to stress levels ,creativity and cognitive(认知的)skills. Experts predict modern kids will have poorer health than their parents---and they say a lack of outside play is surely part of it, research suggests that kids do better academically in schools with a nature component and that play in nature fosters(培养)leadership by the smartest, not by the toughest. Even a tiny outdoor experience can create wonder in a child. The three-year-old turning over his first rock realizes he is not alone in the world. A clump of trees on the roadside can be the whole universe in his eyes. We really need to value that more. Kids are not to blame. They are over-protected and frightened. It is dangerous out there from time to time, but repetitive stress from computers is replacing breaking an arm as a childhood rite(仪式)of passage . Everyone from developers, to schools and outdoorsy citizens, should help regain for our kids some of the freedom and joy of exploring, taking friendship in fields and woods that cement(增强)love, respect and need for the landscape. As parents, we should devote some of our energies to taking our kids into nature. This could yet be our greatest cause. 45.The main idea of Paragraph 2 is that _____ . A. kids are missing the sense of wonder outdoors B. parks are in danger of being gradually encroached C. Richard Louv is the author of Last Child in the Woods. D. children are expected to develop into protectors of nature 46.According to the passage, children without experiencing nature will _____ . A. keep a high sense of wonder B. be over-protected by their parents C. be less healthy both physically and mentally D. change wild places and creatures for the better 47.According to the author, children’s breaking an arm is _____. A. the fault on the part of their parents B. the natural experience in their growing up C. the result of their own carelessness in play D. the effect of their repetitive stress from computers 48.In writing this passage, the author mainly intends to ____ . A. blame children for getting lost in computer games B. encourage children to protect parks from encroachment C. show his concern about children’s lack of experience in nature D. inspire children to keep the sense of wonder about things around C When a Swedish ship that sank in 1628 was recovered from the port of Stockholm, historians and scientists were overjoyed with the chance to examine the remains of the past. The ship construction showed how ships were built and operated during the 17th century. In this way, artifacts, objects made by human beings, provided a picture of daily life almost 400 years ago. Underwater archaeology--- the study of ships, aircraft and human settlements that have sunk under large bodies of water---is really a product of the last 50 years. The rapid growth of this new area of study has occurred because of the invention of diving equipment. Beside the Swedish ship wreck, underwater archaeologists have made more exciting discoveries such as the 5000-year-old boats in the Mediterranean Sea. Underwater archaeology can provide facts about the past. In ancient ports all over the world are ships sunken in the past 6000 years. There are also sunken settlemenst in seas and lakes telling of people’s way of life and their systems of trade in ancient times. Underwater archaeologists want to study these objects to add to the world’s knowledge of history, but they have to fight two enemies. One enemy is the treasure hunters who dive for ancient artifacts that they can sell to collectors. Once sold, these objects are lost to experts. The second enemy is dredging machines often used to repair ports. These machines destroy wrecks and artifacts or bury them deeper under sand and mud. By teaching the public about the importance of underwater “museum” of the past archaeologists are hoping to get support for laws to protect underwater treasures. 49. In the first paragraph a Swedish ship is mentioned _____ . A. to tell us how ships were built in the past B. to provide a picture of daily life almost 400 years ago. C. to attract the readers to the topic of underwater archaeology. D. to examine the remains of the past. 50. The purpose of underwater archaeology is _____ . A. to hunt for underwater treasures B. to discover sunken ships C. to protect ancient artifacts from being destroyed by dredging machines. D. to add to the world’s knowledge of the past 51. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Underwater archaeologists study ships, boats and settlements sunken under large bodies of water. B. Underwater archaeology has a history of as long as 6000 years. C. Treasure hunters help archaeologists find ancient artifacts. D. An underwater museum is built to educate the public about history. 52. Underwater archaeology can provide us pictures about people’s life as long as ___ years ago. A. 400 B. 50 C. 6000 D. 5000 D William Shakespeare was an English actor, playwright and poet, recognized in much of the world as the greatest of all dramatists. Shakespeare’s plays communicate a profound knowledge of the wellsprings of human behavior, revealed through portrayals(描写)of a wide variety of characters. Shakespeare is the only author to have had over 300 films based on his plays. In British schools Shakespeare is the only compulsory author and every British student is familiar with at least one of his plays. A complete, authoritative account of Shakespeare’s life does not exist, but it is commonly accepted that he was born in 1564, and it is known that he was baptized(给人施洗礼)in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. The third of eight children, he was probably educated at the local grammar school, where the chief subject taught was Latin, both spoken and written. The classical writers who studied in the classroom influenced Shakespeare’s plays and poetry. Some of Shakespeare’s most famous tragedies were written in the early 1600s, including Hamlet and, after James First’s accession(即位), Othello, King Lear and Macbeth. His late plays, often known as the Romances, date from 1608 to 1612 and include Cymbeline, The Winter’s Tale and The Tempest. Until the 18th century, Shakespeare was generally thought to have been no more than a rough and untutored genius. Some scholars argued that his plays had actually been written by someone more educated, perhaps statesman and philosopher Sir Francis Bacon or the Earl(伯爵)of Southampton, Shakespeare’s patron(资助人). However, he was celebrated in his own timeby English writer Ben Johnson and others who saw in him a brilliance that would endure. Since the 19th century, Shakespeare’s achievements have been more consistently recognized, and throughout the Western world he has come to be regarded as the greatest dramatist ever. 53. What is the passage mainly about? A. William Shakespeare’s birth background and his great achievements and status in literature. B. William Shakespeare’s daily life and how he became a dramatist. C. What Shakespeare experienced before he was regarded as the greatest dramatist. D. William Shakespeare’s most remarkable plays and the way he was respected by people. 54. Why is William Shakespeare chosen as the only compulsory author in British schools? A. Because he was pretty famous. B. He has been regarded as the greatest dramatist ever. C. He was celebrated in his own time by English writer Ben Johnson. D. He is the only author to have had over 300 films based on his plays. 55. What kind of language was most likely used in William Shakespeare’s early works? A. Italian B. French C. German D. Latin 56. Which is TRUE according to the passage? A. William Shakespeare’s brilliance was recognized immediately he began writing. B. William Shakespeare’s famous tragedies were all written in the early 1600s. C. Many of William Shakespeare’s plays have been made into films. D. British students have to learn all William Shakespeare’s plays. E A study of art history might be a good way to learn more about a culture than is possible to learn in general history classes. Most typical history courses concentrate on politics, economics and war. But art history focuses on much more than this because art reflects not only the political values of a people, but also religious beliefs, emotions and psychology. In addition, information about the daily activities of our ancestors--- or of people very different from our own--- can be provided by art. In short, art express the essential qualities of a time and a place, and a study of it clearly offers us a deeper understanding than can be found in most history books. In history books, objective information about the political life of a country is presented; that is, facts about politics are given, but opinions are not expressed. Art, on the other hand, is subjective; it reflects emotions and opinions. The great Spanish painter Francisco Goya was perhaps the first truly “political” artist. In his well-known painting The Third of May,1808, he criticized the Spanish government for its misuse of power over people. Over a hundred years later, symbolic images were used in Pablo Picasso’s Guernica to express the horror of war. Meanwhile, on another continent the powerful paintings Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros as well as the works of Alfredo Ramos Martinez-depicted these Mexican artists’ deep anger and sadness about social problems. In the same way, art can reflect a culture’s religious beliefs. For hundreds of years in Europe, religious art was almost the only type of art that existed. Churches and other religious buildings were filled with paintings that depicted people and stories from the Bible. Although most people couldn’t read, they could still understand biblical stories in the pictures on church walls. By contrast, one of the main characteristics of art in the Middle East was (and still is) its absence of human and animal images. This reflects the Islamic belief that statues are unholy. 57. More can be learned about a culture from a study of art history than general history because art history _____. A. shows us the religious beliefs and emotions of a people in addition to political values B. provides us with information about the daily activities of people in the past C. gives us an insight into the essential qualities of a time and a place D. all of the above 58. Art is subjective in that ____ . A. a personal and emotional view of history is presented through it B. it can easily rouse our anger or sadness about social problems C. it will find a ready echo in our hearts D. both B and C 59. The passage mainly discusses _____ A. the difference between general history and art history B. the making of art history C. what we can learn from art D. the influence of artists on art history 60. It may be concluded from this passage that ____ . A. Islamic artists have had to create architectural decoration with images of flowers or geometric forms B. history teachers are more objective than artists C. it is more difficult to study art history than general history D. people and stories from the Bible were painted on churches and other buildings in order to popularize the Bible 第二节 根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的选择。选项中有两项为 多余选项(E=AD; F=BD G=CD) --- What a tiring evening! --- Oh, it’s good to sit down after all that standing. --- __61__ --- I don’t think I’ve ever felt so tired in my life. __62___ --- And the heat. ___63___ --- We shouldn’t have accepted the invitation in the first place. --- __64__. We’ve only been to a party. --- You’re right. We must be getting old. --- Come on. __65___ We’d feel better. A. I’m not that tired. B. Let’s have some coffee. C. What’s more, I didn’t sleep well last night. D. But we shouldn’t have felt so tired. E. A good night’s sleep will put you right again. F. I couldn’t just sit here for ever and ever, and never get up. G. All that silly talk, and the drink and the cigarette smoke.

第II卷(共55分) 第三部分:写作(共三节,满分55分) 第一节 单词拼写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,在相应题号的横线上写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。(每空只写一词) 66. You must try some of her home-made wine. It has an_____(难忘)taste. 66 Please pay more attention to your______(发音) and spelling. 67. (比较)his suggestion with yours, you will find whose is better. 68 69. After a long run, the man had much difficulty in ______(呼吸). 69 70. Our victory was____(庆祝)with music and dancing. 70 71. When we got the mountain village, we _____(受到)a warm welcome. 71. A terrible disease was ____ (传播)quickly across that country. 72 73. The boy spoke in a low voice ____ (承认)that it was his fault. 73 74. We gave our campus a____ (彻底)cleaning before the coming of our guests. 74 75. I changed into my sports shoes so that I could walk more _____ (舒适). 75 第二节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分; 找出错误0.5分,改正1分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断: 如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾(∨); 如有错误(每一行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 该行多一个词:把多余的词有斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。 该行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 该行错一个词:在错的词下面划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。 In some places, if you take a notice, you will see that 76 most smokers are young people and even more are 77 middle school students. It’s said that in China the number 78 of smokers is about 45 percent. Why do such many people 79 smoke? Some think that smoking is pleasure; some believe 80 they can refresh them by smoking. In fact, smoking 81 is a bad habit that does great harmful to people’s health. 82 A study of smoking show many kinds of diseases 83 have anything to do with it. Smoking itself is a waste. 84 It spends people so much money. Besides, many fires are 85 often caused by careless smokers. 第三节 书面表达(满分30分) 作为中学生,你肯定经历过多次考试,体验过成功,也遭受过失败。请你根据下面的提示内容,简要概述中学生普遍存在的对考试失败的两种态度,并结合自身实际,说明你的观点。 态度一态度二你的观点 当考试结果不尽人意时,情绪低落,丧失信心,不再继续努力。当考试失败时,分析并找出失败的原因,鼓励自己,增强自信,避免再犯同样的错误。失败乃成功之母……

要求:1、词数100~120词左右 2、可根据内容要点适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

高三会考英语试题参考答案2008.12 第I卷(两部分,共95分) 第一部分:英语知识运用(共三节,满分50分) 第一节 语音知识(共5小题,满分5分)1~5 BADBC 第二节 语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 6~10 DBBDA 11~15 BCDAC 16~20 CADBC 第三节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 21~25 BCDAB 26~30 DABCC 31~35ACABD 36~40 DADAB 第二部分:阅读理解(共25小题,满分45分) 第一节每小题2分 41~44 ACDD 45~48 DCBC 49~52 CDAC 53~56 ABDC 57~60 DACA 第二节每小题1分 61~65 FGCDB 第II卷(共55分) 第三部分:写作(共三节,满分55分) 第一节 单词拼写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 66. unforgettable 67. pronunciation 68. Comparing 69. breathing 70.celebrated 71. received 72. spreading 73 .admitting 74. thorough 75. comfortably 第二节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分; 找出错误0.5分,改正1分) 76. see 改为find / discover 77.and改为 and that 78. 正确 79.such 改为so 80 .is 改为is a 81. they 改为it 82.harmful 改为harm 83. show 改为shows 84. anything 改为something 85. spends 改为costs 第三节 书面表达(满分30分) 一、评分原则: 1、本题总分为30分,按5个档次给分。 2、评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后打分。 3、词数少于100或多于120的,从总分中减去2分。 4、评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点,应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性,上下文的连贯性以及语言的得体性。 5、拼写及标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6、如书写较差,以致影响阅读,将分数降低一个档次。 二、各档次的给分范围和要求: 1、第五档(很好):(25-30分) 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ━━━覆盖所有内容要点 ━━━应用了较多的语法结构和词汇 ━━━语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高及词汇所致,具备较强的语言运用能力 ━━━有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,文章结构紧奏 完全达到了预期的写作目的 2、第四档(好):(19-24分) 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ━━━虽漏掉1、2个要点,但覆盖所有主要内容 ━━━应用的语法结构和词汇能满足完成写作任务的要求 ━━━语法结构或词汇运用方面基本准确,些许错误主要是因为尝试较复杂的语法结构或较高及词汇所致 ━━━使用了简单的语句间的连接成分,使文章结构紧奏 达到了预期的写作目的 3、第三档(尚可):(13-18分) 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 ━━━虽漏掉一些要点,但覆盖所有主要内容 ━━━应用的语法结构和词汇能满足完成写作任务的要求 ━━━有一些语法结构或词汇运用方面的错误,但不影响理解 ━━━使用了简单的语句间的连接成分,使文章内容连贯 就整体来看,基本达到了预期的写作目的 4、第四档(较差):(7-12分) 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ━━━漏掉或为描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些与主要内容关系疏松的内容 ━━━应用的语法结构简单,词汇项目有限 ━━━有一些语法结构或词汇运用方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解 ━━━较少使用语句间的连接成分,文章内容缺少连贯性 信息未能清楚地传达给读者 5、第五档(差):(1-6分) 未完成试题规定的任务。 ━━━明显遗漏主要内容,写一些无关内容,未能正确理解试题要求 ━━━应用的语法结构简单,词汇项目有限 ━━━有较多语法结构或词汇运用方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解 ━━━缺乏语句间的连接成分,文章内容不连贯 信息未能传达给读者 0分:未能传达给读者任何信息、内容太少,无法评判;所写的内容与试题要求的内容要点无关;所写内容无法看清。 三、说明: 1、内容要点可用不同方式表达 2、对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分 四、参考范文 We middle school students have many tests or exams. We have both achieved success and suffered from failure. Different students have different attitudes to failure. Some fall in low spirits when they don’t do well in the exams. They often lose heart and no longer study as hard as before. But most students take an active attitude towards failure. They encourage themselves to be self-confident . They find out and analyze the causes so that they will no longer make similar mistakes . I agree with those with active attitudes. As we all know, failure is the mother of success. Even great men may have failed many times before they succeeded. So we must deal with our failure correctly.

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