过去将来时的用法-初中英语语法

2015-06-12 11:33:00   无忧考网     [ 字体: ] [ 手机版 ] [ 文档预览 ] [ 文档下载 ]

★以下是无忧考网英文写作翻译频道为大家整理的《过去将来时的用法-初中英语语法》,供大家参考。更多内容请看本站写作翻译频道。

 过去将来时的用法说明

  1. 基本结构与用法

  过去将来时由“would+动词原形”构成,主要表示从过去某一时间来看将要发生的事情(尤其用于宾语从句中):

  He told us he would help us. 他告诉我们他会帮助我们。

  I knew you would agree. 我当时就知道你会同意的。

  【注】在一定的语境中也可于其他从句或句子中:

  It was a problem whether they would support us. 他们是否会支持我们还是一个问题。

  It was six o’clock. The sun would soon set. 这时是六点钟。太阳即将落山。

  2. 过去将来时间的表示方法

  除“would+动词原形”外,过去将来时还有以下常见表达方式:

  (1) 用was (were) going to表示。表示过去某时准备做某事:

  Marsha was going to come with us. 玛莎准备和我们一道去。

  I was going to leave when he came in. 他进来时我正要离开。

  【注】was going to在一定的上下文中有时可表示过去未曾实现的想法或打算:

  She was going to attend the concert last night, but she was too busy. 她昨晚本想去听音乐会的,但她太忙了。

  (2) 用was (were) about+不定式表示。表示在过去看来正要做某事:

  I was just about to go to bed when he came to see me. 我正要睡觉,他来看我了。

  (3) 用于was (were) due to表示。表示定于过去某时将要做某事:

  They were due to leave at ten o’clock. 他们定于十点出发。

  (4) 用“was (were)+不定式”表示。表示定于过去某时将要做某事:

  He was to meet her at 10 on the street. 他约定和她10点钟在街上见面。

  【注】若表示过去没有实现(或被取消)的计划,则用was (were) to+动词完成式:

  We were to have left at 6 last night. 我们本来计划昨晚6点离开的。

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