2018考博英语图表类作文:描述词汇总结

2017-11-7 11:56:00   无忧考网     [ 手机版 ] [ 投诉建议 ] [ Word文档下载 ]
考博网发布2018考博英语图表类作文:描述词汇总结,更多2018考博英语图表类作文相关信息请访问无忧考网博士入学考试频道。

【导语】无忧考网为各位考生整理了《2018考博英语图表类作文:描述词汇总结》在这里恭祝各位考生能够顺利、取得优异成绩!

  ▶图表及图表类型

  1、图表:chart, graph, diagram

  2、各类图表:

  表格:table;

  柱形图:barchart 或column chart;

  饼形图:piechart;

  线形图:linechart 或curve chart

  ▶表达图表中数据动态变化的名词或动词

  1、“数字数据”相关

  (1) the number of sth.

  (2) data, statistics, figures

  (3) hundred, thousand, million, billion

  (4) around, over, appropriately

  2、表达“上升”

  (1)常见词汇

  increase → (名词形式increase )

  rise (不规则动词rise→rose→risen) → (名词形式rise)

  grow (不规则动词grow→grew→grown) → (名词形式growth)

  go up

  注意以下短语数量上的区别:

  increase by +数字上升到...

  increase to +数字上升了...

  reach to +数字达到...

  (2)其他词汇

  climb : rise, usually slowly 爬升

  leap : move or act quickly or suddenly 跳跃,剧增

  rocket : increase very rapidly 迅速增加

  (3) 地道表达

  double, triple

  3、表达“下降”

  (1) 常见词汇

  decrease (名词形式decrease )

  drop (名词形式drop)

  fall (不规则动词fall→fell→fallen) → (名词形式fall)

  decline (名词形式decline )

  go down

  (2)其他词汇

  plunge: fall steeply 跳水,猛跌

  plummet: drop sharply 垂直落下

  sink: to fall, drop, or descend gradually to a lower level 下沉,沉没

  dip: decline slightly and usually temporarily 下沉

  4、表达“波动”

  fluctuate (名词形式fluctuation )

  go up and down

  rise and fall

  5、表达“保持平稳”

  remain stable (或 remain constant)

  level off = move toward stability or consistency (趋向平稳)

  ▶描述数据变化方向和幅度的形容词(配合名词)、副词(配合动词)

  1、变化快、剧烈、明显

  dramatic, drastic, sharp, steep, quick, rapid, sudden, significant, considerable

  2、变化慢、微弱、不明显

  slight, moderate, modest, slow, marginal, gradually, steady

  ▶常用短语:“动词配副词”和“形容词配名词”

  1、v. + adv.

  decline slowly

  grow dramatically

  fluctuate sharply

  2、 adj. + n.

  a slow decline

  a dramatic growth

  a sharp fluctuation

  a slight increase

  a significant increase

  3、 on a +adj.+ n

  例如:如上述柱形图所示,过去二十年间中国城镇人口已经显著上升。该句至少有以下两种表达:

  1)As is revealed in the above bar chart, the urban population in China hasgrow dramaticallyin the past two decades.

  2)As is revealed in the above bar chart, the urban population in China has been ona dramatic growthin the past two decades.

相关推荐