2017-12-08 13:54 来源:网络综合

【导语】海阔凭你跃,天高任你飞。愿你信心满满,尽展聪明才智;妙笔生花,谱下锦绣文章;冷静细心,发挥如鱼得水;心想事成,努力备考,考到理想院校!以下是无忧考网为大家整理的 《2018考博英语词汇语法模拟练习题附答案解析【三篇】》供您查阅。


  1. The bank is reported in the local newspaper ______ in broad daylight yesterday.

  A. to be robbed B. robbed 

  C. to have been robbed D. having been robbed

  2. ______ before, his first performance for the amateur dramatic group was a success.

  A. Though having never acted 

  B. As he had never acted 

  C. Despite he had never acted 

  D. In spite of his never having acted

  3. By the middle of the 21st century, the vast majority of the world’s population ______ in cities rather than in the country.

  A. are living B. will be living 

  C. have lived D. will have lived

  4. Mr. Milton prefers to resign ______ part in such dish onest business deals.

  A. than take B. than to take 

  C. rather than take D. rather than to take

  5. No one would have time to read or listen to an account of everything ______ going on in the world.

  A. it is B. as is C. there is D. what is

  6. There is a real possibility that these animals could be frightened, _____ a sudden loud noise.

  A. being there B. should there be 

  C. there was D. there have been

  7. Bit by bit , a child makes the necessary changes to make his language ______.

  A. as other people B. as other people’s 

  C. like other people D. like other people’s

  8. Clothing made of plastic fibers has certain advantages over ______made of natural fibers like cotton, wool, or silk.

  A. one B. the one C. that D. what

  9. The treasury issued an order stating that ______ land purchased from the government had to be paid for in gold and silver.

  A. henceforth B. moreover C. whereby D. however

  10. The students expected there ______ more reviewing classes before the final exams.

  A. is B. being C. have been D. to be

  11. It was during summer breaks that we first taste the satisfaction work that ______ into hard currency.

  A. translates B. transfers 

  C. transplants D. transmits

  12. In some cases, your instructor may tell you the topics ______or may give you a choice of topics to write about.

  A. in advance B. ahead of C. above all D. right away

  13. It was the driver’s ______ that caused him to step on the gas instead of the brake after his car went over the curb.

  A. fraud B. alarm C. terror D. panic

  14. Danny left this ______ message on my answering machine: “I must see you. Meet me at twelve o’clock.” Did he mean noon or midnight?

  A. ambiguous B. responsible

  C. implicit D. thoughtful

  15. We looked for a table to sit down, but they were all ______.

  A. reserved for B. engaged in 

  C. used up D. taken up

  16. She will have to find somewhere else to work, for she can’t ______ this loud noise any longer.

  A. come up with B. catch up with 

  C. keep up with D. put up with

  17. Tom ______ his new job with confidence.

  A. set out B. set off C. set up D. set about

  18. The truck driver was fined for exceeding the speed ______.

  A. range B. limit C. rule D. regulation

  19. The crippled Jack proudly walked with a ______ to the platform to join the children.

  A. jump B. limp C. hop D. jog

  20. He cannot ______ a car, for he does not earn much money.

  A. obtain B. afford C. donate D. consume

  21. The message is clear: Just as tea and banana can’t go together, _________ should the son of a low class family expect to marry the daughter of a nobleman.

  A. either B. not C. neither D. nor

  22. Though ______ rich, she was better off than at any other period in her life.

  A. by means of B. within her means 

  C. by all means D. by no means

  23. It is a (n) ______ attitude to take towards life.

  A. absurd B. silly C. stupid D. authentic

  24. Every year, one student in our high school wins a scholarship that ______ one year of college.

  A. improves B. subsidizes C. obliges D. inflicts

  25. He wrote the book in ______ with his wife.

  A. proportion B. installment 

  C. correspondence D. collaboration


  1. C) 【句意】据当地报纸报道,那家银行昨天在光天化日下遭到抢劫。


  2. D) 【句意】虽然他以前从未表演过,但他为业余剧团做的首次表演还是很成功。

  【难点】in spite of意为“尽管,虽然”,后接名词或名词性短语,引导出来状语。选项A)没有主语或逻辑主语,选项B)是原因状语从句,选项C)的despite不能引导状语从句,因为


  3. B) 【句意】到二十一世纪中叶,世界上大多数人口将生活在城市而不是农村。

  【难点】因为时间状语by the middle of the 21st century指的是将来,所以选将来进行时。

  4. C) 【句意】米尔先生宁愿辞职也不参加这种不诚实的商业交易。

  【难点】prefer意为“宁愿”,其后接名词或动词不定式;prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.意为“宁愿…而不愿…”,rather than后接不带to的不定式。

  5. C) 【句意】大家都没有时间去读或去听有关世界上正在发生的一切事件的描述。

  【难点】在以there be为谓语动词的定语从句中,如关系代词作主语,则关系代词便可省略。

  6. B) 【句意】如果突然出现巨大的噪音,这些动物真的有可能受到惊吓。

  【难点】该句是一个省略if的倒装的虚拟条件句,可还原为“if there should be...”。

  7. D) 【句意】一点一点地,儿童就会将自己的语言作些必要的修改,而使之与他人的语言相像。


  8. C) 【句意】用塑料纤维制成的衣服比用棉花、羊毛或丝绸等天然纤维制成的衣服有些优势。

  【难点】clothing是衣服、被褥的总称,不能用one或the one来指代。what相当于“先行词+that”,后边要接从句。所以只能用that指代clothing。

  9. A) 【句意】财政部发布命令,从即日起,向政府购买土地须以金、银支付。


  10. D) 【句意】学生们期望期末考试前能有更多的复习课。


  11. A) 【句意】暑假期间,我们第一次尝到了把劳动变成货币的滋味。


  12. A) 【句意】在有些情况下,你的导师会事先告诉你题目或把题目给你由你选写。

  【难点】in advance意为“事先,预先”;ahead of意为“在…之前”;above all意为“尤其,最重要的是”;right away意为“立刻;马上”。

  13. D) 【句意】车上了马路边后,司机由于惊慌,没踩刹车,却踩了油门。


  14. A) 【句意】丹尼在我们回答机上留下一条模棱两可的信息:“我必须见你。12点来接我。”他是说中午还是半夜?


  15. D) 【句意】我们要找个桌子坐下,可是所有餐桌都已有人。

  【难点】take up意为“占去(时间、地方、注意力等)”;reserve for意为“为…留

  出,保留”;engage in意为“从事;参加”;use up意为“用完,用光;耗尽”。

  16. D) 【句意】她将不得不去别处找工作,因为她再也不能忍受这么大的噪音。

  【难点】put up with意为“忍受,容忍”;come up with意为“(针对问题、挑战)提出,想出”;catch up with意为“赶上”;keep up with意为“跟上(人、潮流、形势等)”。

  17. D) 【句意】汤姆满怀信心地投入新的工作。

  【难点】set about意为“开始;着手”;set out意为“开始”,常与as, in, on连用;set off意为“(使)做某事”;set up意为“开业,开始经商”。

  18. B) 【句意】卡车司机因超速而被罚款。


  19. B) 【句意】跛脚的杰克充满自豪,一颠一跛地走上台,加入孩子们的行列。


  20. B) 【句意】他买不起小汽车,因为他挣钱不多。


  21. C) 【句意】这是明摆着的事:就像茶叶和香蕉不相搭配一样,下层阶级家庭的儿子也不可能指望娶一个贵族的女儿。


  22. D) 【句意】虽谈不上有钱,但她目前的境况比以往任何时候都要好。

  【难点】by no means意为“一点也不…”;by means of意为“用,依靠”;within one’s means不是固定短语;by all means意为“无论如何,务必”。

  23. A) 【句意】这是一种荒唐的生活态度。


  24. B) 【句意】每年,我们学校会有一名同学获得一笔奖学金作为一年的大学生活补贴。


  25. D) 【句意】他和妻子合作写了一本书。

  【难点】collaboration意为“合作;协作”,in collaboration with为固定搭配;proportion意为“比例”;installment意为“分期付款”;correspondence意为“符合;一致”。


  1. Although ______ Spanish, he attended the course.

  A. he was knowing B. he is knowing

  C. having a knowledge of D. knows

  2. You ______that letter to James. However, you didn’t.

  A. ought to write B. ought to have written

  C. should write D. should be writing

  3. Joseph was very lucky ______ with his life; he almost did not get out of the room.

  A. to escape B. to have escaped

  C. to escaping D. to be escaping

  4. Bread and butter ______liked by Westerners.

  A. is B. are C. were D. be

  5. The back garden of our house contains a lawn, ______very pleasant to sit on in summer.

  A. which is B. which it is C. it is D. where it is

  6. He set up in business ______ his own and was very successful.

  A. in B. of C. on D. by

  7. John’s score on the test is the highest in the class; he ______last night.

  A. must study B. should have studied

  C. must have studied D. is sure to study

  8. Frank almost never received any education, ______?

  A. would he B. did he

  C. didn’t he D. wouldn’t he

  9. Even if his letter ______ tomorrow, it ______too late to do anything.

  A. will arrive...is B. should arrive...were

  C. arrives...will be D. arrives...would be

  10. We can hear ______from the back of the room.

  A. just as good B. just as easy 

  C. just as well D. easily as well

  11. To obtain a satisfactory result, one must apply two ______of paint on a clean surface.

  A. coats B. levels C. times D. courses

  12. The small mountain village was ______ by the snow for more than one month.

  A. cut back B. cut out

  C. cut off D. cut away

  13. Miss Green was ______ $100 for driving after drinking.

  A. fined B. charged C. punished D. posed

  14. Modern ______ perhaps causes more problems than it solves.

  A. technique B. technology

  C. tactics D. tendency

  15. Mary tiptoed over and took the clock away because she hated to hear it ______ when she was trying to go to sleep.

  A. sounding B. ringing C. ticking D. humming

  16. Under this ______ pressure some of the rocks even became liquid.

  A. intensive B. weighty C. intense D. bulky

  17. Of course, most immigrants did not get rich overnight, but the ______ of them were eventually able to improve upon their former standard of living.

  A. maximum B. minority C. majority D. minimum

  18. Nancy was surprised that they have ______. They seemed to be a happy couple.

  A. split up B. broken down 

  C. fallen through D. knocked out

  19. The beach is in an ideal ______ to draw tourists.

  A. condition B. situation C. state D. publicity

  20. Our ______ sensitivity decreases with age. By age

  60, most people have lost 40 percent of their ability to smell and 50  percent of their taste buds.

  A. sensible B. senseless 

  C. sensitive D. sensory

  21. The eldest child is thoroughly ______ because they always give him whatever he wants.

  A. wasted B. spoiled

  C. destroyed D. uneducated

  22. If a substance is dissolved in water or heated, it may ______ a gas.

  A. give into B. give over

  C. give off D. give away

  23. His manner was so pleasant that Bolla felt at ______ with him at once.

  A. peace B. large C. ease D. best

  24. —Can you take the day off tomorrow?

  —Well, I’ll have to get ______ from my boss.

  A. permission B. permit

  C. allowance D. possession

  25. The ______ in Janet’s character has hindered her from advancement in her career.

  A. weakness B. merit

  C. defect D. shortcoming


  1. C) 【句意】虽然只懂一点西班牙语,但他还是参加了这个课程的学习。

  【难点】know是静态动词,不能用于进行时;选knows从句中又缺少主语。knowledge作“知识”讲时是不可数名词,但作“了解”讲时,前面可加“a”,常用于词组have a knowledge of中,所以选C)。

  2. B) 【句意】你本应该给詹姆斯写信,然而,你没写。

  【难点】ought to have written是虚拟语气,与本句句意相符。

  3. B) 【句意】约瑟夫幸运地逃了性命;他险些没从房间里逃出来。

  【难点】to have escaped 是不定式的完成式,表示过去的某一动作业已完成。

  4. A) 【句意】黄油面包受西方人青睐。

  【难点】bread and butter 是西方人吃的一种食品,虽然有三个字,表达的却是一个东西,并且是不可数名词,作单数。

  5. A) 【句意】我家的后花园有一片草坪,夏天坐在上面会令你心旷神怡。

  【难点】which引出非限制性定语从句,在句中作主语,且和sit on 构成动宾关系。类似的句子有:This room is comfortable to live in 这句中live in 和this room构成动宾关系。

  6. C) 【句意】他独自一人开始经商,并且做得很成功。

  【难点】on one’s own 是个常用的介词词组,意为“独自”;of one’s own表示“某人自己的(东西)”,如:I have a flat of my own.我自己有套房子。

  7. C) 【句意】约翰的考试分数全班最高;他昨天晚上一定学习了。

  【难点】表示对过去某一动作行为的猜测须要用must have done这一句型结构。

  8. B) 【句意】弗兰克几乎从未受过任何教育,是不是?


  9. C) 【句意】即使他的信明天到也无济于事了。


  10. C) 【句意】我们在房间的后面也能听得很清楚。

  【难点】as well意为“(程度)同样地好”,是副词短语修饰动词hear;just表示程度,意为“刚好”。

  11. A) 【句意】为获得一个满意的结果,你必须在一个干净的表面上涂两层油漆。


  12. C) 【句意】这个小山村被大雪封住达一个多月。

  【难点】cut back意为“削减;缩减”;cut out意为“停止;切下”;cut off意为“切断;使隔断”;cut away意为“切除;砍掉”。

  13. A) 【句意】格林小姐因酒后驾车被罚100美元。


  14. B) 【句意】现代技术所引发的问题也许比它所能解决的要多。


  15. C) 【句意】玛丽蹑手蹑脚走过来把钟拿走了,因为她讨厌在自己想睡觉的时候听它滴哒地响。


  16. C) 【句意】在这种强大的压力下,一些岩石甚至变成了液体。


  17. C) 【句意】当然,大多数移民不是一夜之间就发财的,但是他们大多最终改善了自己的生活水平。


  18. A) 【句意】南希对他们的离婚表示十分惊讶,因为他们似乎是一对快乐的夫妇。

  【难点】split up意为“分裂,离婚”;break down意为“(精神方面)垮掉;(健康)变得衰弱;崩溃”;fall through意为“失败;成为泡影”;knock out意为“使筋疲力尽”。

  19. B) 【句意】这片海滩所处位置理想,吸引了很多游客。


  20. D) 【句意】我们的感官能力随着年龄的增长而下降。比如说,到60岁的时候,多数人失去了他们40%的嗅觉能力和50%的味觉能力。


  21. B) 【句意】他们的大孩子被彻底宠坏了,因为他要什么,他们就给什么。


  22. C) 【句意】如果一种物质溶解在水里或被加热,它可能释放出一种气体。

  【难点】give into为非固定搭配;give over意为“托付,交托”;giveoff意为“散发”;give away意为“送掉,分发(奖品)等”。

  23. C) 【句意】他那平易近人的风度使得博拉立刻放松了情绪。

  【难点】at peace意为“和平地”;at large意为“自由地;大体地”;at ease意为“不拘束”;at best意为“至多”。

  24. A) 【句意】——你明天能休一天吗?



  25. C) 【句意】詹妮特的性格缺陷阻碍了她事业进步。



  1.I can't advise you what to do. You must use your own _____.

  A. opinion B. guesswork C. justice D. judgment

  2.Because of the poor harvest, wheat prices have _____ in the last six months.

  A. added B. jumped C. amounted D. developed

  3. The news item about the traffic accident is followed by a detailed  report made ____.

  A. on the spot B. on the location

  C. on the ground D. on the site

  4. They did not find _____ to prepare for the worst conditions they might meet.

  A. worth their while B. it worthwhile

  C. it worth D. it worthy

  5. In spite of the thunderstorm, the children slept _____ all night.

  A. densely B. soundly C. loudly D. noisily

  6. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are so excited today, for they bought____ yesterday.

  A. many furnitures  B. so much furniture

  C. many piece of furniture  D. a lot of furniture

  7. It is reported that fewer and fewer of today’s workers expect to spend their working lives in the same field, ____the same company.

  A. much worse B. less likely C. all else D. let alone

  8. The government____ to approve the use of wide-spead surveillance when the Justice Department took objections.

  A. is going B. had been C. was about D. is coming

  9. Despite their good service provided, most inns are less expensive than hotels of____standards.

  A. equivalent B. likely  C. alike D. uniform

  10. Because there was little heat in the bed room, Evan was cold ____.

  A. much through the night  B. most of the night

  C. many parts of the night D. the majority part of the night



  judgement 判断。guesswork 猜测,justice 正义,公正,ideal 理想。


  jump (=rise suddenly in price) 指“(价格)暴涨”。


  在交通事故的新闻后又有现场的详细报道。此题考查介宾短语的含义。on the spot意为“在场,在现场”,符合本题题意。on the site没有这一搭配;be on location意为“在拍摄外景”;on the ground意为“在地面上”。因此A为正确选项。


  worthwhile值花时间(或精力)干的:1)The visit to Paris was worthwhile .2)He thinks teaching foreign languages is worthwhile.3)She has a very worthwhile job.4)I think it worthwhile to work on my stamp collection.

  Worthy (of)配得上,值得:1)He is worthy of being praised.(=He is worthy to be praised.)2)He is a worthy winner.3)She is not worthy to talk to man like you.(她配不上与你这样一位男士谈话)。


  sleep soundly熟睡。也可以说sleep heavily.



  此题考查名词的单复数。英语中有些名词只有单数,如furniture 前可用pieces of furniture,much furniture,a lot of furniture。因此D为正确选项。


  据报道如今越来越少的工人愿意一辈子从事一个领域的工作,更不必说一个公司了。此题考查不同词组的含义。let alone意为“更不必说”,符合本题题意。all else (其他所有的),much worse(更糟糕的是),less likely(更没可能的是)均不符合题意。因此D为正确选项。


  政府正打算同意采取广泛监督的手段时,却遭到了司法部的反对。此题考查时态的运用。少数几个前置词可带不定式作宾语,如about,but,except,save, than等后允许加不定式作宾语。be about+不定式表示“将来”的含义,因此C为正确选项。


  尽管同样提供优质的服务,大多数酒馆要比同标准的旅馆的费用低。此题考查形容词词义。尽管equivalent 与alike, uniform都有“相同”的意思,但是alike常在句中做表语,不做定语;equivalent则可做定语,意为“相等的,相当的”,最符合题意;而uniform强调的是“一致的,一样的”;likely意为“很可能的”,一般做表语。因此A为正确选项。