主动语态与被动语态的转换规则2017-12-19 15:36:00 来源： 网络综合
Everybody likes him. 大家都喜欢他。 (主动语态)
He is liked by everybody. 他受到大家的喜欢。(被动语态)
He broke the cup. → The cup was broken by him.
He was born in 1986. 他生于1986年。
What is this flower called? 这种花叫什么花？
He answered me that question. → I was answered that question by him.
He wrote her a letter. → A letter was written to her. (与动词write搭配用介词to)
She made him a new coat. → A new coat was made for him. (与动词make搭配用介词for)
He gave her some money. 他给她一些钱。
→ She was given some money. / Some money was given to him.
He bought her a watch. 他给她买了一块表。
→ A watch was bought for her. / She was bought a watch.
★(1) 一般现在时的被动语态：am [is, are]+过去分词
English is taught in our school. 我们学校学英语。
We are taken good care of at school. 我们在学校受到很好的照顾。
★(2) 一般过去时的被动语态：was [were]+过去分词
He was taken to the police station. 他被带到了警察局。
The house was built ten years ago. 这座房子是10年前建的。
★(3) 一般将来时的被动语态：will be+过去分词
A new building will be built here soon. 不久这里将建一栋新楼。
The meeting will be held at two this afternoon. 会议将于今天下午2点举行。
(4) 现在完成时的被动语态：have [has]been+过去分词
All the work has been done now. 所有的工作现在都做好了。
Have the letters been posted? 信都寄了吗？
(5) 过去完成时的被动语态：had been+过去分词
He said the work had been finished. 他说工作已完成了。
(6) 现在进行时的被动语态：am [is, are] being+过去分词
My watch is being repaired by him. 我的表正在由他修理。
The plan is now being discussed. 计划现在正在讨论。
(7) 过去进行时的被动语态：was [were] being+过去分词
He said that the man was being operated on. 他说那个人正在动手术。
He told me that a new station was being built. 他说正在修建一个新车站。
(8) 过去将来时的被动语态：would be+过去分词
He said that the meeting would be held next week. 他说会议将于下周举于。
Everyone must know this. →This must be known by everyone.
This can’t be done in a short time. 这不是短期内可以完成的。
Can this be done by machine? 这可以由机器来做吗?
The work must be done at once. 这工作必须马上做了。