被动语态的使用的几个注意点

2017-12-19 15:47 来源:网络综合
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【导语】以下是无忧考网整理的《被动语态的使用的几个注意点》,一起来看看吧!

1. 不及物动词无被动语态。


What will happen in 100 years?一百年里会发生什么事?


The dinosaurs disappeared about 65 million years ago. 约65万年前恐龙灭绝。


2. 有些动词用主动形式表示被动意义。


This pen writes well. 这支钢笔很好写。


This new book sells well. 这本新书卖的很好。


3. 感官动词或使役动词使用省略to的动词不定式,主动语态中不带to ,但变为被动语态时,须加上to 。


例:make somebody do something→somebody+ be +made to do something


see somebody do something→somebody +be +seen to do something


A girl saw my wallet drop when she passed by.→My wallet was seen to drop by a girl when she passed by. 一个女孩看到我的钱夹掉了当她经过的时候。


The boss made the little boy do heavy work.→The little boy was made to do heavy work by the boss. 这个老板让这小男孩干重活。


4. 如果是接双宾语的动词改为被动语态时,直接宾语(物)作主语,那么动词后要用介词,这个介词是由与其搭配的动词决定。


He gave me a book.→A book was given to me by him. 他给了我一本书。


He showed me a ticket.→A ticket was shown to me by him. 他给我展示了一张票。


My father bought me a new bike. →A new bike was bought for me by my father. 我父亲给我买了一辆新自行车。


5. 一些动词短语用于被动语态时,动词短语应当看作一个整体,而不能丢掉其中的介词或副词。


We can’t laugh at him. →He can’t be laugh at by us. 我们不能嘲笑他。


He listens to the radio every day. →The radio is listened to by him every day. 他每天都收听广播。


The nurse is taking care of the sick man. →The sick man is being taken care of by the nurse.这护士在照顾这个虚弱的男人。