2018学年高一上册英语寒假试卷2018-02-06 09:31 来源：网络综合
第一节(共5 小题;每小题1分， 满分5分)
1. How often does the man go to his parents’ house?
A. Twice a week. B. Once a week. C. Once a month.
2. Why hasn’t the woman changed an apartment?
A. She hasn’t started to search.
B. She hasn’t found a good one.
C. She doesn’t want a small one.
3. What does the woman want to know?
A. Who saw Mary this morning.
B. When the man got to the office.
C. If Mary has come this morning.
4. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. A trip. B. A plan. C. Holidays.
5. What is the woman going to do this afternoon?
A. Attend a meeting. B. Go to a chess club. C. Watch a tennis match.
6. What did the woman probably do just now?
A. She cooked in the kitchen.
B. She talked with Sonia on the phone.
C. She cleaned her bedroom.
7. Where did the woman put her glasses?
A. In her bag. B. On the hall table. C. In her jacket pocket.
8. What did the speakers plan to do this afternoon?
A. Watch a tennis match. B. Book a tennis court. C. Play tennis.
9. Why does the man want to cancel(取消) the appointment?
A. He is ill. B. It is rainy today. C. He has to attend a meeting.
10. When will the man call the woman again?
A. Next Monday. B. Tomorrow. C. This evening.
11. Where is the Low Memorial Library?
A. Near the school canteen. B. Opposite the main library. C. Next to St. Paul.
12. What do we know about St. Paul?
A. It’s famous at Columbia.
B. It’s beside the gym centre.
C. Many teachers get married there.
13. What will the man do next?
A. Have an appointment.
B. Show the woman around.
C. Take the woman to the Registration Office.
14. How does the man feel about Lynne’s new job?
A. Bored. B. Envious(羡慕的). C. Dissatisfied.
15. What was Lynne’s major at university?
A. Maths. B. Business. C. Computer.
16. Why didn’t the man buy Lynne a camera?
A. He couldn’t afford it.
B. He didn’t thought she wanted it.
C. He thought it unsuitable for her.
17. What is the probable relationship between the man and Lynne?
A. Father and daughter. B. Husband and wife. C. Brother and sister.
18. When is the club open?
A. From 6:00 a.m. to 11:00 pm.
B. From 6:30 a.m. to 11:15 pm.
C. From 6:30 a.m. to 11:30 pm.
19. What does the speaker suggest people do in the club?
A. Swim for 25 minutes at night.
B. Try diving in the 10-metre pool.
C. Relax in the steam room before swimming.
20. How can people apply to become a member?
A. By making a phone call.
B. By applying on the Internet.
C. By visiting the club themselves
第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分， 满分15分)
21. This raises questions of cultural relics protection which _____________ to be debated publicly.
A. deserve B. intend C. devote D. fancy
22. When I came in， the children pretended ________ and no one even raised their eyes.
A. to read B. have read C. to be reading D. to have been reading
23. --- Do you need any help， Lucy?
--- Yes. The job is _______ I could do myself.
A. less than B. more than C. no more than D. not more than
24. --- What do you think of the movie?
--- ________， the movie isn’t interesting enough， though lots of money has been spent on it.
A. To be honest B. That’s to say C. Generally speaking D. I’m not sure
25. Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others， _______， of course， made all the others upset.
A. who B. which C. what D. that
26. It is known that ________ medical examination helps people to find out health problems as early as possible.
A. normal B. general C. regular D. common
27.It is high time for us to take measures to protect these old traditions and customs before they ___.
A. die out B. die away C. die off D. die down
28. She can’t get down to work because she was deeply ________ by the news of his death.
A. affected B. surprised C. harmed D. charged
29. --- Tommy， your mum has been out without glasses!
--- Well， take it easy. _______ she is back home for them.
A. It is long before that B. It won’t be long since
C. It won’t be long before D. It will be long before
30. As we all know， all living things ________ the sun for their growth.
A. insist on B. rely on C. connect with D. come on
31. They are living with their parents for the moment because their own house _________.
A. is being built B. has been rebuilt C. is rebuilt D. has rebuilt
32. After the foreign guests got ____ with the Chinese traditional festivals， they liked to live in China.
A. familiar B. satisfied C. tired D. popular
33. Julie was good at German， French and Russian， all of ________ she spoke fluently.
A. who B. whom C. which D. that
34. I’d like to buy a house --- modern， comfortable， and ________ in a quiet neighbourhood.
A. in all B. above all C. after all D. at all
35. --- The kind-hearted lady is popular with her neighbors， right?
--- Yes. She is always ready to help others without expecting anything _______.
A. in store B. in return C. in charge D. in turn
第二节 完形填空(共20题;每小题1.5分， 满分30分)
A little boy was spending his Saturday morning playing in his sandbox. While creating roads in the soft sand， he 36 a large rock in the middle of the sandbox.
The boy 37 around the rock， managing to move it out from the dirt. With much 38 ， he tried to push the rock out of the sandbox. When the boy got the rock to the edge(边缘) of the sandbox， 39 ， he found that he couldn’t 40 it up and over the little wall. The rock was too 41 for his small body.
As he 42 to accept his failure， the little boy dug， pushed， and pried(撬动)， but every time he thought he had made some 43 ， the rock rolled and then fell back into the sandbox. The little boy 44 again and again， but the only 45 was to have the rock roll back.
46 ， he burst into tears. All this time the boy’s father 47 him from his living room. The moment the tears fell， a 48 voice rose above the boy’s head. It was his father. 49 ， but firmly(坚定地) he said， “Son， why didn’t you use all the 50 that you had? The boy replied with tears， “But I did， Daddy， I did! I 51 all that I had!” “No， son， you didn’t，” 52 the father kindly. “You didn’t 53 me to help you.” With that the father picked up the rock and 54 it out of the sandbox.
Are you discovering that you don’t have the strength to move your “rocks” away? There is ONE who is always willing to 55 you with the strength you need. We also need that strength， especially in our daily life.
36. A. hid B. left C. put D. discovered
37. A. walked B. jumped C. traveled D. dug
38. A. courage B. pride C. effort D. pleasure
39. A. however B. still C. thus D. even
40. A. put B. raise C. take D. break
41. A. large B. difficult C. hard D. much点击进入》》》高一年级寒假作业
42. A. decided B. refused C. agreed D. planned
43. A. inventions B. progress C. mistakes D. changes
44. A. tried B. failed C. thought D. started
45. A. success B. goal C. result D. wish
46. A. Gradually B. lately C. Properly D. Finally
47. A. watched B. helped C. followed D. taught
48. A. loud B. happy C. sweet D. strict
49. A. Angrily B. Movingly C. Suddenly D. Gently
50. A. knowledge B. strength C. tools D. ability
51. A. wasted B. brought C. used D. carried
52. A. replied B. corrected C. shouted D. praised
53. A. advise B. force C. ask D. want
54. A. collected B. threw C. chose D. broke
55. A. provide B. lend C. show D. pass
第三部分：阅读理解(共12 小题， 每小题2分， 满分24分)
A child’s birthday party doesn’t have to be a hassle; it can be a basket of fun， according to Beth Anaclerio， an Evaston mother of two， ages 4 and 18 months.
“Having a party at home usually requires a lot of running around on the part of the parents， and often the birthday boy or girl gets lost in wild excitement. But it really doesn’t have to be that way，” said Anaclerio. Last summer， Anaclerio and her friend Jill Carlisle， a Northbrook mother of a 2-year –old， founded a home party-planning business called “A Party in a Basket.” Their goal is to help parents and children share in the fun part of party planning， like choosing the subject or making a cake， while they take care of everything.
Drawing on their experiences as mothers， they have created 10 ready-to-use， home party packages. Everything a family needs to plan a party， except the cake and ice cream， is delivered to the home in a large basket.
“Our parties are aimed for children 2 to 10， ” Anaclerio said， “and they’re very interactive (互动) and creative in that they build a sense of drama based on a subject. For example， at the Soda Shoppe party the guests become waiters and waitresses and build wonderful ice cream creations.”
The standard $ 200 package for eight children includes a basket filled with invitations， gifts， games and prizes， paper goods， a party planner and the like. For more information， call Anaclerio at 708-864-6584 or Carlisle at 708-205-9141.
56. The main purpose of writing this text is ________.
A. to share information about party planning B. to introduce the joys of a birthday party
C. to announce a business plan D. to sell a service
57. The most important idea behind the kind of party planning described here is that ________.
A. parents are spared the trouble of sending invitations
B. guests play a part in the preparation of a party
C. it brings parents and children closer together
D. it provides a subject of conversation
58. What does the underlined word “hassle”(paragraph 1) probably mean ?
A. a situation causing difficulty or trouble B. a plan requiring careful thought
C. a party designed by specialists D. a demand made by guests
Parents should stop blaming themselves because there’s not a lot they can do about it. I mean the teenager problem. Whatever you do or however you choose to deal with it， at certain times a wonderful， reasonable and helpful child will turn into a terrible animal.
I’ve seen friends deal with it in all kinds of different ways. One strict mother insisted that her son， right from a child， should stand up whenever anyone entered the room， open doors and shake hands like a gentleman. I saw him last week when I called round. Sprawling himself (懒散地躺) on the sofa in full length， he made no attempt to turn off the loud TV he was watching as I walked in， and his greeting was no more than a quick glance at me. His mother was ashamed. “I don‘t know what to do with him these days，” she said. “He’s forgotten all the manners we taught him.”
He hasn’t forgotten them. He’s just decided that he’s not going to use them. She confessed (坦白) that she would like to come up behind him and throw him down from the sofa onto the floor.
Another good friend of mine let her two daughters climb all over the furniture， reach across the table， stare at me and say， “I don’t like your dress; it’s ugly.” One of the daughters has recently been driven out of school. The other has left home.
“Where did we go wrong?” her parents are now very sad. Probably nowhere much. At least， no more than the rest of that unfortunate race， parents.
60. This text is most probably written by ______.
A. a doctor for mental health problems B. a headmaster of a middle school
C. a parent with teenage children D. a specialist in teenager studies
61. The underlined word “it” in the second paragraph refers to ______.
A. the advice that parents want their children to follow
B. the change from good to bad that’s seen in a child
C. the opinion that a child has of his parents
D. the way that parents often blame themselves
62. From the second example we can infer that the parents of the two daughters ______.
A. pay no attention to them B. feel helpless to do much about them
C. have come to hate them D. are too busy to look after them 63. What is the author‘s opinion about the sudden change in teenage children?
A. Parents should work more closely with school teachers.
B. Parents should pay still sore attention to the change.
C. Parents have no choice but to try to accept it.
D. Parents are at fault for the change in their children.
Meeting people from another culture can be difficult. From the beginning， people may send the wrong signal. Or they may pay no attention to signals from another person who is trying to develop a relationship.
Different cultures emphasize (强调) the importance of relationship building to a greater or lesser degree. For example， business in some countries is not possible until there is a relationship of trust. Even with people at work， it is necessary to spend a lot of time in ”small talk”， usually over a glass of tea， before they do any job. In many European countries -- like the UK or France -- people find it easier to build up a lasting working relationship at restaurants or cafes rather than at the office.
Talk and silence may also be different in some cultures. I once made a speech in Thailand. I had expected my speech to be a success and start a lively discussion; instead there was an uncomfortable silence. The people present just stared at me and smiled. After getting to know their ways better， I realized that they thought I was talking too much. In my own culture， we express meaning mainly through words， but people there sometimes feel too many words are unnecessary.
Even within Northern Europe， cultural differences can cause serious problems. Certainly， English and German cultures share similar values; however， Germans prefer to get down to business more quickly. We think that they are rude. In fact， this is just because one culture starts discussions and makes decisions more quickly.
People from different parts of the world have different values， and sometimes these values are quite against each other. However， if we can understand them better， a multicultural environment will offer a wonderful chance for us to learn from each other.
64. In some countries， eating together at restaurants may make it easier for people to _______.
A. get to know each other B. share the same culture
C. develop closer relations D. keep each other company
65. The author mentions his experience in Thailand to show that _________.
A. the English prefer to make long speeches
B. people from Thailand are quiet and shy by nature
C. too many words are of no use
D. even talk and silence can be culturally different
66. According to the text， how can people from different cultures understand each other better?
A. By sharing different ways of life. B. By recognizing different values.
C. By accepting different habits. D. By speaking each other‘ s languages.
67. What would be the best title for the text?
A. Cross-Cultural Differences B. Multicultural Environment.
C. How to Build Up a Relationship D. How to Understand Each Other.
第II卷 (共 61分)
I.根据所给首字母， 写出正确的单词来完成句子 (共8小题;每小题1分， 满分8分)
1.The driver fell into the deep valley， but s__________ the accident luckily.
2.Five students in our school were a__________ into BeijingUniversity last year.
3.In our class， when the bell rang and the teacher closed his book， it was a s__________ for everyone to stand up.
4.I would a__________ it if you could come and help me once more.
5.Nowadays an increasing number of parents are a__________ importance to educating their children.
6.Many times in America， bands are f__________by high school students who practice their music in someone’s home.
7.Dark glasses are sometimes worn to p__________ the eyes from strong sunlight.
8.After b__________ several times with the shop owner， I got the bike at a very low price.
II. 根据句意从方框中选出合适的动词或短语， 用其适当的形式完成句子(共8小题;每小题1分， 满分8分)
1.You have to work faster， John. We __________ time.
2.No matter how busy we are， students should and can spare time __________.
3.Animals use sound to communicate for many reasons， including __________ territory (领地)， warning off bigger animals and finding mates.
4.Nicked named “The destroyer” by his parents， the young inventor loved _______ things ________.
5.__________ the study， scientists suggested that things could be done to help students worry less and move past their fear of math， which might mean they perform better in tests.
6. __________ his excellent performance there， Xi Jinping was recommended to go to TsinghuaUniversity， where he studied chemical engineering.
7.Imagine yourself in a test situation. You are sitting there， _______ between two choices – A or C.
8.When she graduated from high school， Gwei faced a choice between her dream and reality. She __________ to pick the latter one for her parents and majored in French.
III. 根据课文内容填空(每小题0.5分， 满分8分)
1.The amber which was ________1) had a beautiful yellow-brown colour like honey. The ______2) of the room was in the ________3) style popular in those days. It was also a treasure _______4) with gold and jewels， which took the country‘s best artists about ten years to make.
2.As a _____5) of fact， every country wants the opportunity. It’s a great responsibility but also a great ______6) to be chosen. There’s as much competition among countries to ______7) the Olympics as to win Olympic medals.
3.Anyhow， my ______8) is to provide humans with a life of high ______9). I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a _____10) friend and helper of the human race!
4.Wild plants and animals have to look after themselves. They need food， a good_____11) and_____12). If their habitat is threatened or they cannot find enough food， their numbers may _____13).
5.However， after a year or so， in which they became more _____14) about their work， the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band. Then they _____15) their own records and started _____16) and playing their own music.
IV. 根据汉语意思完成下列各句 (7%)
Though ______ _____ the developing countries， China is making great contributions to world peace.
Our company as well as some other big ones _____ to ____ the present production lines ___ new ones.
Do you know how the universe ___________ __________ _______?
He was so careless. ____________ __________ _____________， he failed the test again.
Hearing the funny joke， everyone _______________ ___________ _______________.
V. 短文填词 (共10小题;每小题1分， 满分10分)
阅读下面短文， 根据汉语或首字母提示以及文章内容， 在每条横线上填入一个适当的英语单词， 使短文意思完整。
Today is January 26th. Our class have a discussion about w_______ to 1._________
stay at home or go out________ a trip as the winter holiday is near. Some of us 2. _________
are in favor of staying at home. They think it’s ________ convenient and 3. _________
comfortable. What’s more， they can _________(省) money for other purposes. 4. _________
_______ they will lose the chance of getting to know the outside world. 5._________
However， o prefer to go out for traveling since it can increase 6. ________
their ________(知识) and broaden their horizons. But they will spend 7._________
more money and meet many difficulties while traveling. P ， 8._________
I think it would be better to stay home， for I can do what I like， such ______ 9._________
reading books， watching TV and h my parents with some housework. 10.________
VI. 书面表达 (共20分)
随着人类社会的发展，越来越多的动植物濒临灭绝。请你根据以下提示，以 “Wildlife Protection”为题为某中学生英语报写一篇100词左右的稿件，说明如何保护濒危野生动植物，以纪念5月22日“世界野生动物保护日”。
With the development of human society， many animals have disappeared during the long history of the earth and many more are in danger of extinction for many reasons.