2018高一寒假英语试卷

2018-02-06 10:50 来源:网络综合
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【导语】世界上60%以上的信件是用英语书写的,上两个世纪英国和美国在文化、经济、军事、政治和科学上的领先地位使得英语成为一种准国际语言。无忧考网准备了高一寒假英语试卷,具体请看以下内容。

1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷、第Ⅱ卷和答题卡,共 6 页。满分 120分,考试用时100 分钟。考试结束后,请将答题卡交回,试题卷自己保存。

2.答题前,请您务必将自己的班级、姓名、学号、考号用0.5毫米黑色签字笔填写在答题卡上。

3.作答非选择题必须用0.5毫米的黑色签字笔写在答题卡上的指定位置,在其它位置作答一律无效。

4.保持答题卷清洁、完整,严禁使用涂改液和修正带。

一、 选择题(共75 分)

第一部分:听力(共20小题,满分 20 分)

第一节:共5小题

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一小题, 从题中所给的ABC 三个选项中

选出最佳答案。

1. How much can the woman lend the man?

A. 30 dollars. B. 25 dollars. C. 20 d ollars.

2. What does the woman think of her job?

A. Boring. B. Challenging. C. Tiresome.

3. How long has Mr. Whit e been with the company?

A. More than 15 years.

B. Less than 15 years

C. 15 years

4. What does the man think the exam will be like?

A. Easy B. So-so C. Difficult

5. What will the man do with Julia?

A. See a movie.

B. Have dinner.

C. He doesn’t know.

第二节:共15小题;

听下面5段对话或独白。 每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC 三个选项中

选出最佳答案。

听第6段材料回答第6,7 题。

6. What happened between the woman and Gary?

A. They had a fight. B. They became friends C. They broke up.

7. What did the woman tell Gary to do?

A. To be more confident. B. To be more patient. C. To be more friendly.

听第7段材料,回答第8,9题。

8. When will the woman learn the result of the interview?

A. Next Monday. B. Next Friday. C. Next month.

9. What do we learn about the woman?

A. She has rich work experience.

B. She knows little English.

C. The director didn’t like her.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What does the woman think of the science book?

A. It’s a little expensive.

B. It’s a little cold.

C. It’s a little thick.

11. What was the original price of the science book?

A. Thirty dollars. B. Thirteen dollars. C. Sixty dollars.

12. Which book does the woman buy?

A. The math book.

B. The novel.

C. The English writing textbook.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. What’s the man’s first name?

A. Ronald. B. Ronold. C. Ranold.

14. When will the man go to see the doctor?

A. On Tuesday. B. On Wednesday. C. On Thursday.

15. What does the man usually do at 4:00 pm?

A. Go to see the doctor.

B. Pick up his kids.

C. Go to work.

16. What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Doctor and patient.

B. Receptionist and patient.

C. Saleswoman and customer.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20 题

17. Why does the speaker attend English classes?

A. To improve his communication skills.

B. To go abroad for further study.

C. To learn more about British culture.

18. How many classes does the speaker take a day?

A. Three. B. Four. C. Five.

19. Which of the following ISN’T needed to learn English well?

A. Patience. B. Practice. C. Independence.

20. Where do students usually use English, according to the speaker?

A. In class. B. After school. C. At home.

第二部分:英语知识运用(共二节,满分35分)

I.单选(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

21. It is often said tha t ______teachers have_ _____ busy life.

A. the; / B. / ; a C. / ; / D. the ; a

22. Teachers are often compared ______ candles.

A. to B. with C. for D. as

23. In my opinion, she is _____ to pass her exams.

A. possible B. likely C. probable D. impossible

24. Don’t lie to your mother, ______ she is bound______ the truth.

A. for; to know B. for; to knowing

C. while; to know D. since; to knowing

25. All men are created equal, ______ religion, race or gender.

A. as a result of B. regardless of C. in case of D. because of

26. People tend to _____ as they grow old.

A. set in their ways B. set their way

C. be set their way D. be set in their ways

27. Where a person lives may influence the kind of hobby he_______.

A. picks up B. sets up C. takes up D. breaks up

28. It is _______ that students should be active in class.

A. potential B. essential

C. popular D. prestigious

29. I didn’t understand his intention; his words just didn’t_______ at all.

A. make sense B. make up

C. make from D. make of

30. The president, _______by his guards, was heading towards the conference room.

A. precede B. preceding C. preceded D. precedes

31.We all find it impolite to_______ the teacher when he or she is talking about rules.

A. discard B. avoid C. interrupt D. identify

32. The church near the hospital _______ to 1879.

A. dated from B. dates back C. dates from D. dating back

33. David, your phone______ for several minutes. Why don’t you answer it?

A. has been ringing B. had rung

C. rang D. was ringing

34. Lucy never manages to lose any weight,______ hard she tries.

A. no matter where B. no matter whether

C. no matter how D. no matter what

35. –Thank you for helping me with my chemistry, Miss Li.

–______.

A. It’s my duty B. It’s my pleasure

C. Never mind. D. With pleasure

II.完型填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

Adam, a young man who had good academic grades, went to apply for a management position in a big company. The director did the last ¬¬¬ 36 .

The director asked, “Who paid for your school fees?”Adam answered, “My ¬¬¬ 37 did. When I was young, my father ¬¬¬ 38 .” Then he continued, “¬¬¬ ¬¬¬ 39 was your mother?” Adam answered, “My mother worked as a ¬¬¬ 40 cleaner.” Hearing this, the director asked Adam to ¬¬¬ 41 his hands. Adam reached out his hands that were ¬¬¬ 42 and perfect. The director said, “I have a ¬¬¬ 43 . When you go home, clean your mother’s hands and see me tomorrow.”

Adam felt ¬¬¬ 44 but did it. His tears fell ¬¬¬ 45 he cleaned his mother’s hands. He noticed for the first time that her hands were so ¬¬¬ 46 . Also Adam ¬¬¬ 47 that it was this pair of hands that washed clothes every day to ¬¬¬ 48 him. After cleaning his mother’s hands, Adam ¬¬¬ 49 washed all the remaining clothes for her.

The next morning, Adam went to the director’s office. Tears in eyes, Adam was asked to ¬¬¬ 50 his feelings. “Now I know what is ¬¬¬ 51 . Without my mother, there wouldn’t be the ¬¬¬ 52 me today. By helping my mother, I see how ¬¬¬ 53 it is to get something done. I have also come to know the value of family relationship. ”

The director smiled, “This is what I am looking ¬¬¬ 54 . I want a person who can appreciate the help of others, a person who knows the sufferings of others and a person who ¬¬¬ 55 put money as his only goal in life. You are hired.”

36. A. interview B. job C. greeting D. dictation

37. A. director B. father C. mother D. parents

38. A. died away B. passed away C. died out D. passed by

39 . A. What B. How C. Who D. Where

40. A. carpet B. floor C. clothes D. window

41. A. turn B. wave C. show D. shake

42. A. rough B. dirty C. strong D. smooth 43. A. choice B. question C. wish D. request

44. A. confused B. scared C. embarrassed D. inspired

45. A. before B. as C. since D. until

46. A. slim B. warm C. soft D. rough

47. A. insisted B. believed C. realized D. wondered

48. A. simplify B. serve C. sati sfy D. support

49. A. modestly B. secretly C. peacefully D. gently

50. A. improve B. describe C. awaken D. hide

51. A. appreciation B. cooperation C. aspiration D. communication

52. A. wealthy B. successful C. famous D. ambitious

53. A. efficient B. creative C. ruthless D. tough

54. A. through B. at C. for D. into

55. A. daren’t B. needn’t C. won’t D. can’t

第三部分:阅读理解(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)

A

If I had known then what I know now, I would have taken my father’s advice when I was 18 and I had to choose my major at university. He told me to study outside Italy where there were more possibilities to find a job once I finished university. But I said no, scared of living alone in a different country with a different culture, with a different language, and above all, far from my family and friends. So I decided to go to university in Italy and I chose the one in Rome, my city, which is one of the most ancient universities in the world, studying Communication Science because it was the most common and the most fashionable major six years ago (and still now…). At that age, I w anted to become a sports journalist, but with the passing time, my opinions and my ideas started changing and I understood that I didn’t like my choice. At that time, I realized that at 18 years old, everyone feels mature to decide about his own future. Everyone thinks that the advice that parents try to give is wrong and we are able to decide alone, maybe just with the help of our friends who are in the same situation. This is the worst thought that we can think.

However, I graduated last December with the pride of my parents and I decide, with their help, to come to Toronto and study English. Here I am living the best experience I have ever lived. I often think, “If I had known that living alone in a different country and studying something I like were so nice and interesting when I was 18, I would have listened to what my father told me six years ago.” I try to regret nothing about my choices I have made in my past, but I just think that now I am mature to ask my parents and to listen to them because they have more experience and they know better than me what is right and what is wrong.

56. What can we learn about the writer from the passage?

A. He went to Toronto in order to become a sports journalist.

B. He studied English when he was in a university in Rome.

C. He followed his parents’ advice when choosing a university.

D. He is enjoying his stay in Toronto and his study of English.

57. The underlined word “mature” in the passage means______.

A. having a developed mind

B. good and ripe

C. confident enough

D. carefully decided

58. From his own experience, the writer tries to tell us that______.

A. he still prefers to ask his friends for help

B. parents’ advice is worth taking

C. he doesn’t regret about the choices he has made

D. Communication Science is still fashionable now

B

Algae(水藻) are very simple plants. They grow in fresh water or salty water. Seaweed is algae that grow in salty water. Seaweed is red or brown in color. The Japanese people use these plants from the sea in many ways. From it, they make a food called Kombu. Kombu is seaweed that has been dried, cooked and pressed together. Then it is dried again and cut into long p ieces. The Japanese eat a lot of Kombu and like it very much.

Japanese farmers often use seaweed as fertilizer. It makes their plants grow better. Many farmers also find seaweed makes a fine food for their animals.

From seaweed the Japanese also get iodine(碘), which they sell to other countries. Iodine is used in many ways all over the world. It is used in making medicine. It is added to the salt we use at the table. Scientists even use one form of iodine to “ seed clouds” when they want rain to fall.

59. Kombu is a kind of ______ according to the text.

A. medicine B. food

C. plant D. fertilizer

60. In the last sentence of the text, “seed clouds” means ______.

A. to make rain fall with human power

B. clouds spreading like seeds

C. the seeds like clouds

D. dropping seeds by clouds

61. The main idea of the story is that _______.

A. Kombu is made into medicine for farmers

B. The Japanese use seaweed in many ways

C. The Japanese eat seaweed when they want rain to fall

D. The Japanese eat a lot of Kombu

C

We spent a day in the country, picking wild flowers. With the car full of flowers we were going home. On our way back my wife noticed a cupboard outside a furniture shop. It was tall and narrow. “Buy it,” my wife said at once. “We’ll carry it home on the roof rack(行李架), I’ve always wanted one like that.”

What could I do? Ten minutes later I was 2 0 pounds poorer, and the cupboard was tied onto the roof rack. It was six inches long and eighteen inches square, quite heavy too.

In the gathering darkness I drove slowly. Other drivers seemed unusually polite that evening. The police even stopped traffic to let us through. Carrying furniture was a good idea.

After a time my wife said, “There’s a long line of cars behind. Why don’t they overtake, I wonder?”

In fact a police car did overtake. The two officers inside looked at us seriously as they passed. But then, with great kindness, they led us through the rush-hour traffic. The police car stopped at our village church. One of the officers came to me.

“Right, sir,” he said. “Do you need any more help?”

I was a bit puzzled. “Thanks, officer,” I said. “You have been very kind. I live just on the road.”

He was staring at our car: first at the flowers, and then at the cupboard. “Well, well,” he said, laughing. “It’s a cupboard you’ve got there! We thought it was, something else.”

My wife began to laugh. Then the truth hit me like a stone between the eyes. I smiled at the officer. “Yes, it’s a cupboard, but thanks again.” I drove home as fast as I could.

62. It can be inferred from the passage that______.

A. other drivers kindly let the couple go first, because the husband did not drive fast

B. the cupboard cost less than 20 pounds

C. the husband, in fact, would rather not buy the cupboard

D. all the cars followed the couple’s

63. The police will be more polite to those who are______.

A. in great sorrow

B. driving in the gathering darkness

C. driving with wild flowers in the car

D. carrying furniture

64. What did the police officer think of the cupboard?

A. It was so expensive that it needed their help.

B. It was a box for a dead person to be buried in.

C. There might be something stolen in it.

D. It was a big box with some bomb in it.

65. What did the husband think of the whole matter?

A. It was very strange. B. He took great pride in it.

C. He was puzzled at it D. He felt embarrassed.

二、非选择题(共45 分)

I. 根据首字母及汉语提示拼写单词 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

66. He, with a good s_______ of humor, can always keep his companions happy.

67. Gardening, as a simple and inexpensive way to unwind, is gaining p_______.

68. They were all my good friends, so I didn’t have any t_______ getting them to attend the party.

69. From my p_______ of view, it’s quite a sensible plan.

70. They agreed that Barry’s version would probably g_______ people’s attention.

71. Have you ever been treated with a _______ (缺少)of respect by someone?

72. It is wise to have your explanation______(简化) for the children.

73. Nations that are not_______ (自己自足的) in energy face an insecure future.

74. Please_______ (保证,确保)that all examination papers have your name at the top.

75. Then the club's directors _______ (奖赏,回报)him with a free season ticket.

II.根据汉语提示完成句子(共5小题; 每空1分,满分10分)

76. 在理论上这些课是可选的,而实际上他们是必修的。

In ______, these classes are optional, but in practice they are _______.

77. 住在海边的人也很容易对贝壳熟视无睹。

A person who lives near the ocean could easily _______ shells for _______.

78. 而离职的主管则得到大笔的退职金。

Departing directors, on the other hand, get big _______ _______.

79. 除了身体上的收益,有氧运动还有情感上的益处。

_______ _______ to the physical benefits, aerobic exercise has emotional benefits.

80. 一个住在周围都是松树地方的人有可能认为松针没什么了不起。

A person who lives in an area surrounded by pine forests may_______ _______ of pine needles.

III.单句改错(共5小题,每小题1分,共 5分。每句只能改一处,在原句中直接改正)

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在题干下面直接写出添加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线( )划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,在题干下面直接写出正确的词。

81. Her teacher accused her to stealing the books.

82. Ann was frustrating because she failed the exam again.

83. You don’t have to join in a class or pay money to get aerobic exercise.

84. It’s good manner not to stop someone while they are talking.

85. Someone who shows respect for you is someone you feel you can count.

IV.书面表达(满分20分)

假如你是长春外国语学校的李放,将参加主题为 “Let’s Ride Bicycles” 的英语演讲比赛。请撰写一份演讲稿,主要内容包括:

1. 目前汽车带来的空气污染和交通堵塞等问题;

2. 骑自行车的益处,如节能环保,有利健康等。

参考词汇:低碳生活(low-carbon l ife);节能(energy saving)

注意:1. 词数: 120词左右;

2. 演讲稿开头和结尾已给出,该部分不计入总词数。

Good morning, everyone,

I am Li Fang from Changchun Foreign Languages School. The topic of my

speech is “Let’s Ride Bicycles”.

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

Thank you!