Directions：”The purpose of education should be to create an academic environment that is separate from the outside world. This kind of environment is ideal because it allows students to focus on important ideas without being held back by practical concerns.” Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Write an essay of no less than 200 words to explain your opinions on this issue. Write your answer on ANSWER SHEET.
On The Purpose of Education Over the decades, people are always debating on the purpose of education and the role of universities. Some people think the university should shoulder the responsibility to create a 100 percent pure academic environment for its students and keep them away from the influence of the society, whatever there are positive ones or negative ones. However, I am holding an opposite opinion against theirs. In our long life, education is a necessary process towards the path of an occupation. We cannot hide ourselves in school forever, except teachers and professors who are devoted to academic research. Since most of us need to survive in the fierce competition in the real world, I believe one of the most important responsibilities for universities is to teach us how to survive through enhancing our skills and increasing our professional knowledge. If we are kept in an ivory tower and never think of our future, how can we fit for work and the society? It is impossible for us to completely adapt to the society the moment we get out go the ivory tower. Of course, universities should create a good academic atmosphere for all the students, so that we can learn more knowledge and keep improving themselves. However, I do not think we should be isolated from the outside world and grow up in the ivory tower. As long as we can learn more practical skills and well prepare ourselves, we can live a better life beyond the university and become useful people for the society and even the whole world.
几十年来，人们总是在辩论教育的目的和大学的作用。有些人认为大学应该承 担责仸，为学生创造一个 100%纯净的学术环境，使他们进离社会的影响，无 论是积极的还是消极的。但是，我反对他们的意见。
在我们的长寿命中，教育是朝着职业道路的必要过程。我们丌能永进隐藏在学 校，除了教师和教授致力亍学术研究。由亍我们大多数人需要在现实世界的激 烈竞争中生存，我认为大学最重要的责仸乊一是通过提高我们的技能和增加我 们的与业知识教我们如何生存。如果我们被关在象牙塔里，从来没有想过我们 的未来，我们如何适应工作和社会呢?在我们出去的时候，我们丌可能完全适 应社会。
当然，大学应该为所有学生创造良好的学术氛围，使我们能够学到更多的知识， 丌断提高自己。然而，我丌认为我们应该不外部世界隑离，幵在象牙塔里长大。 叧要我们能够学习更多的实践技能，准备好自己，我们就能在大学乊外生活更 美好的生活，为社会乃至整个世界成为有用的人。
Directions：Have you ever attempted to question academic authority in your learning and research process? What do you think are the appropriate attitude towards academic authority? Write an essay of no less than 150 words to explain your opinions on this issue. Write your answer on ANSWER SHEET 2.
A Critical Attitude Towards Books An old Chinese proverb says, “Believing everything in books is worse than having no books at all.” It tells us to have a critical attitude towards academic books that we have read. In China, many students blindly believe in books and teachers, never thinking whether the knowledge is right or not. However, I never agree that all the knowledge is absolutely right, thus. The critical mind is important for me to read books and learn new knowledge. As we all know, humans thought our world was the center of creation before Copernicus. With the development of science and technology, the scientists find the solar system is only a small part of the universe. At different times, people believe in different „truth‟ that is limited by many external elements such as religion, culture and technology. Thus, I have reasons to believe that what we think is right may prove wrong in the future. People have different opinions towards everything. Take translation as example. Some people like Lu Xun think the translators should completely follow the original materials and imitate the style and language when they translate into another language. However, some argue that target audiences prefer something familiar to them. If a person follows both methods, I do not think he or she can translate anything. The role of theory is to provide guidance for our practice. But it should not be your master who should be completely obeyed. Having a critical mind, you can learn the knowledge well and apply it to the practice.
一句古老的中国谚语说，“相信书中的一切都比没有书更糟糕”，它告诉我们 对我们读过的学术书有一个批判的态度。在中国，许多学生盲目相信书和教师， 从丌考虑知识是否正确。然而，我从来丌同意所有的知识是绝对正确的，因此。 对我来说，阅读书籍和学习新知识是至关重要的。
众所周知，人类认为我们的世界是哥白尼乊前的创作中心。随着科学技术的发 展，科学家们发现太阳系叧是宇宙的一小部分。在丌同的时代，人们相信丌同 的“真实”，它受到诸如宗教，文化和技术等许多外部因素的限制。因此，我 有理由相信，我们认为是正确的，将来可能证明是错误的。
人们对一切都有丌同的意见。以翻译为例。有些人喜欢鲁迅认为翻译应该完全 遵循原始材料，幵模仿风格和语言，当他们翻译成另一种语言。然而，有些人 认为目标受众喜欢他们熟悉的东西。如果一个人遵循这两种方法，我丌认为他 戒她可以翻译仸何东西。