2019年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语(一)真题答案

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【导语】19考研今天已经落下帷幕,不管怎样都先为自己鼓个掌,接下来已经考完的同学也可以安心对答案了,超详细的英一答案无忧考网已备好,一起来看看吧

2019年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语(一)试题解析 Section Ⅰ Use of English 1. C. Few

2. C. run

3. B. If

4. D. literally

5. A.back

6. B. off

7. D. unfamiliar

8. C.way

9. A. So

10. D. eventually

11. A. surprised

12. B. option

13. D. For example

14. C. spot

15. B. through

16. D. breaks

17. A. artificial

18. D. Finally

19. B. marks

20. C. lead

Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension Part A

Text 1

21 A. enhance banks’ sense of responsibility

22 D. "short-termism" in economic activities

23 B. adverse

24 C. the approaches to promoting "long-termism"

25 B. patience as a corporate virtue

Text 2

26 D. The influence of consumer culture.

27 A. To help freshmen adapt to college learning

28 A. A obtain more financial support

29 C. to be identical with each other.

30 B.analyzing the causes behind it.

Text 3

31 C. involves some concerns raised by AI today

32 D.is too limited for us to reproduce it

33 B. is still beyond our capacity

34 A. affirmation

35 C. The Conscience of AI: Complex But Inevitable

Text 4

36 C. make more online shopper pay sales tax

37 D. were considered unfavorable by states

38 D. harmed fair market competition

39 B. Big- chain owners

40 D. cites some cases related to it and analyses their implications

Part B 本篇新题型属于排序题。文章主题是对如何进行一个有效的辩论进行探讨。

41. E

42. D.(Carnegie would be right if arguments were fights...)

43. G.(There is a better way to win arguments.)

44. B.(Of course, many discussions are not so successful)

45. A. (These tools can help you win every argument...)

Section Ⅲ Translation 46. 医学期刊中存在大量由广播公司和新闻媒体报道的这种无稽之谈,这会导致健康恐慌和短暂的饮食狂热。

47. 如今,任何申请研究职位的人都必须发表两倍于10年前同一职位所需的论文数量。

48.人们已经做出努力来遏制这种倾向,即将一些质量和数量纳入申请人发表的论文的评估当中。

49.如果不是因为科学家们可以很容易地在未来的出版物中引用自己,或者让同事为他们这样做以换取类似的好处,这将是合理的。

50. 如果我们想认真确保科学既有意义又可再生,那么我们必须确保我们的制度可以激励这种科学的发展。

51.参考范文 Dear friend,

I am greatly pleased to receive your letter and I am writing to you to express my sincere hope that I can offer you some details about the project of Aiding Rural Primary School. The details are as follows.

In the first place, the aim of this project is to help rural children in a poor financial condition to improve their English, which needs you make an English teaching plan in advance. In the second place, this project will be held at June, lasting about 15days, therefore it is essential for you to prepare some clothes and daily necessities.In the last place, importance should be attached to the role played by the language due to the fact that there is a few people understanding English, which needs you are capable of speaking basic Chinese.

I wish my introduction could satisfy your requirement, and look forward to discussing more details with you.

Yours Sincerely,

Li Ming

参考范文译文 亲爱的朋友:

我很开心收到你的来信,我写这封信主要是为你详细介绍一下关于“援助乡村小学”项目的信息,细节如下:

首先,这个项目是为了帮助乡村家庭条件不好的孩子提高他们的英文水平,需要你提前做一份英语教学计划,其次这个项目将在6月进行并将持续15天,因此你需要准备一些衣物和日用品。最后,由于当地的人基本不懂英语,所以你学习一些汉语的基本表达。

我希望我的介绍回答了你想知道的问题,期待和你讨论更多的细节。

你最真挚的,

李明

52.参考范文 The cartoon provides us with a thought-provoking scene: two men are climbing a hill, but one of them desires to give up due to tiredness, while the other one encourages him to keep going.

Undoubtedly, the cartoonist aims at reminding us of the significance of persistence. At the top of the list, we should attach importance to perseverance mainly due to that it can enable us to ameliorate ourselves so we can be qualified for future career promotion, and be ready for meeting the forthcoming challenges.What’s more, we ought to place a high value on the role played by persistence in personal growth. Put it another way, in this ever-changing world, perseverance is to personal growth what water is to fish. To sum up, if persistence misses our attention in any possible way, we will suffer a great loss beyond imagination.

Hence, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from the above cartoon. For one thing, we should frequently use it to enlighten the young. For another, we should cultivate the awareness of teenagers that it is very vital to keep going toward our goals. Only by doing so, can we become winner in the face of difficulties.

参考范文译文 这个漫画给我们呈现了一个发人深思的情景:两人正在爬山,但是其中一个人因为疲劳想要放弃,而另一个人鼓励他继续下去。

毫无疑问,图画的作者旨在提醒我们坚持重要性。首先,我们应该重视坚持,主要是因为坚持可以让我们完善自身,这样我们未来才有资格得到职业生涯的进步,才能做好准备迎接以后的挑战。另外,我们也应该重视坚持在个人成长方面的作用。在这个多变的时代,坚持对于个人成长就像水对于鱼一样重要。 换言之,如果我们以任何可能的形式忽视坚持,我们将遭受非常巨大的损失。因此,从以上图画中得出积极的含义非常重要。一方面,我们应该经常用它来启迪年轻人。另外一方面,我们应该培养青少年重视坚持的意识。只有这样,我们才能成为困难面前的赢家。

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