2019年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语（一）试题解析 Section Ⅰ Use of English 1. C. Few
2. C. run
3. B. If
4. D. literally
6. B. off
7. D. unfamiliar
9. A. So
10. D. eventually
11. A. surprised
12. B. option
13. D. For example
14. C. spot
15. B. through
16. D. breaks
17. A. artificial
18. D. Finally
19. B. marks
20. C. lead
Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension Part A
21 A. enhance banks’ sense of responsibility
22 D. "short-termism" in economic activities
23 B. adverse
24 C. the approaches to promoting "long-termism"
25 B. patience as a corporate virtue
26 D. The influence of consumer culture.
27 A. To help freshmen adapt to college learning
28 A. A obtain more financial support
29 C. to be identical with each other.
30 B.analyzing the causes behind it.
31 C. involves some concerns raised by AI today
32 D.is too limited for us to reproduce it
33 B. is still beyond our capacity
34 A. affirmation
35 C. The Conscience of AI: Complex But Inevitable
36 C. make more online shopper pay sales tax
37 D. were considered unfavorable by states
38 D. harmed fair market competition
39 B. Big- chain owners
40 D. cites some cases related to it and analyses their implications
Part B 本篇新题型属于排序题。文章主题是对如何进行一个有效的辩论进行探讨。
42. D.（Carnegie would be right if arguments were fights...）
43. G.(There is a better way to win arguments.)
44. B.(Of course, many discussions are not so successful)
45. A. (These tools can help you win every argument...)
Section Ⅲ Translation 46. 医学期刊中存在大量由广播公司和新闻媒体报道的这种无稽之谈，这会导致健康恐慌和短暂的饮食狂热。
51.参考范文 Dear friend,
I am greatly pleased to receive your letter and I am writing to you to express my sincere hope that I can offer you some details about the project of Aiding Rural Primary School. The details are as follows.
In the first place, the aim of this project is to help rural children in a poor financial condition to improve their English, which needs you make an English teaching plan in advance. In the second place, this project will be held at June, lasting about 15days, therefore it is essential for you to prepare some clothes and daily necessities.In the last place, importance should be attached to the role played by the language due to the fact that there is a few people understanding English, which needs you are capable of speaking basic Chinese.
I wish my introduction could satisfy your requirement, and look forward to discussing more details with you.
52.参考范文 The cartoon provides us with a thought-provoking scene: two men are climbing a hill, but one of them desires to give up due to tiredness, while the other one encourages him to keep going.
Undoubtedly, the cartoonist aims at reminding us of the significance of persistence. At the top of the list, we should attach importance to perseverance mainly due to that it can enable us to ameliorate ourselves so we can be qualified for future career promotion, and be ready for meeting the forthcoming challenges.What’s more, we ought to place a high value on the role played by persistence in personal growth. Put it another way, in this ever-changing world, perseverance is to personal growth what water is to fish. To sum up, if persistence misses our attention in any possible way, we will suffer a great loss beyond imagination.
Hence, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from the above cartoon. For one thing, we should frequently use it to enlighten the young. For another, we should cultivate the awareness of teenagers that it is very vital to keep going toward our goals. Only by doing so, can we become winner in the face of difficulties.