2019年成人高考高起点《英语》高频词汇(三)

2019-2-13 13:29:00   无忧考网     [ 手机版 ] [ 投诉建议 ] [ Word文档下载 ]
成考网发布2019年成人高考高起点《英语》高频词汇(三),更多2019年成人高考高起点《英语》高频词汇(三)相关信息请访问无忧考网成人高考频道。

【导语】生命不是一篇“文摘”,不接受平淡,只收藏精彩。对于考试而言,每天进步一点点,基础扎实一点点,无忧考网为您提供2019年成人高考高起点《英语》高频词汇,巩固所学知识并灵活运用,考试时会更得心应手,快来看看吧!

 2019年成人高考高起点《英语》高频词汇(一)





  1. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到 .


  2. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。


  3. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。


  4. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。


  5. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for


  6. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉


  7. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁。 appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力


  8. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for申请; apply to 适用。


  9. apply to 与…有关;适用


  10. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准


  11. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循


  12. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的


  13. adjust……(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;


  14. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。


  15. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先。


  16. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………。 ahead of time 提前。


  17. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体。 2)在谣传中。


  18. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的




  
2019年成人高考高起点《英语》高频词汇(二)




  一、“every”(每一个)只作为定语使用,即必须在其后加上单数可数名词构成名词短语,它不可与everyone(每一个)混淆。 everyone相当于名词,它不可修饰其他名词,只作主语或宾语


  1) Every [A] knows that hospitals are institutions where the sick are treated, but how many [B] realize that they were once [C] homes for the indigent and the friendless [D] ?


  2) Everyone [A] child in the United States must [B] receive [C] some form of educational instruction [D] .


  例题解析


  1) A错。every不可单独充当句子成分,应在其后加上person或改为everyone.


  2) A错。改为Every,修饰child.


  二、“much”和“many”分别修饰不可数名词和可数名词,可作为代词(如much of)和形容词使用


  3) Food seasoning plays an important [A] role in the cooking [B] customs of much [C] cultures in [D] the world.


  4) The general sales tax has been [A] a major source of income for state governments, much [B] of which derive more than half [C] of their budgets from [D] it.


  5) Data received from [A] two spacecraft indicate that there is many evidence [B] that huge thunderstorms are now occurring [C] around the equator [D] of the planet Saturn.


  例题解析


  3) C错。应改为of many,因为被修饰词cultures为可数名词,故其修饰语应用many,而much要修饰不可数名词。


  4) B错。应改用many,因此处所指代的是可数名词governments(复数),many在本句中为代词,作非限定性定语从句的主语。


  5) B错。应改为much evidence,因为evidence(证据,迹象)为不可数名词,故应用much来修饰。


  三、 “some”和“any”是表示不定数量的代词,相当于汉语的“一些”,作定语可修饰可数名词复数或不可数名词,其中some(包括它的合成词 something,someone, somebody)多用于肯定句,而any(包括它的合成词anything, anyone, anybody)则用于疑问句和否定句中,其中any在否定句中相当于汉语中的“任何”;形容词修饰something, someone, somebody, anything, anyone, anybody, nothing, nobody时,形容词要放在这些词的后边


  6) Historians [A] have never reached some general [B] agreement about [C] the precise causes of the [D] Civil War in the United States.


  例题解析


  6) B错。应为any general,因为本句为否定句(否定副词never),应该用any,此处表示“(没有达成过) 任何共识”。


  四、“another”和“other”分别表示“另外的一个”(an+other)和“另外的”“其余的”意思,可以用作定语修饰名词或单独作主语与宾语,其中前者只用来修饰或指代单数可数名词,后者修饰单复数名词和不可数名词,二者不能相互混淆


  7) Lizards lack [A] the built?in body temperature control [B] many another [C] creatures possess [D] .


  8) Some bacterium are extremely [A] harmful, but anothers [B] are regularly [C] used in producing cheeses, crackers, and many other foods [D] .


  9) Like [A] most another [B] art forms, the Greek tragedy had [C] its origins in religious [D] observances.


  例题解析


  7) C错。应改用other来修饰可数复数名词creatures.本句是一个省略了关系代词that(或which)的定语从句,control为名词作主句中及物动词(谓语)lack的宾语,同时又受其后面定语从句的修饰。


  8) B错。 改为others.


  9) B错。 改为other.


  五、one与other “one”作为代词代替前面提到的人或物,它前边加the; “other”作代词修饰复数名词。 “one…another”表示“一个…另一个”的意思,或表示多个(三者以上)之中的“另一个”,“又一个”; “one…the other”表示两者之中剩下的“另一个,又一个”


  10) I‘d like to [A] buy a coat similar [B] to one [C] you are wearing [D] .


  11) Though [A] Art Tatum was totally blind in one eye and had only slight [B] vision in another [C] , he became [D] an internationally renowned jazz musician.


 2019年成人高考高起点《英语》高频词汇(三)




  一、表示人的物主代词用my, our, your, his, her和their,指无生命的东西用its(但指国家时一般用she或her),它们在句中作定语


  二、名词型物主代词能作表语(It‘s theirs)、主语(Mine is there)、宾语(I don’t like hers),与of连用可以作定语(the food of theirs)。


  三、同步练习


  1) A scientist bases its [A] work on hypotheses that [B] have been checked [C] through careful [D] experimentation.


  2) Crude rubber is an [A] elastic(有弹性的) solid with a specific gravity of 0.911 and a refractive index(折射率) of 1.591, though it [B] composition varies with different latexes(橡浆) as well as [C] with the way it is prepared [D] at the plantation.


  3) Manufacturers [A] of consumer goods [B] often change [C] the styles of them [D] products.


  四、例题解析


  1) A错。 改为his.


  2) B错。 改为its.


  3) D错。 改为their.