1. The woman’s title: manager
2. Preferred location: near the station
3. Company size: total staff number: 40
4. Preferred date: May
5. The size of the new office：12000 square meters
6. Remove the booths in conference room
7. There are boards
8. Storeroom need enlargement, too small
9. Kitchen needs some improvements
10. The terrace is with a view of river outside the building
11. What is the first-year activity?
A. drama festival
B. art exhibition
C. sports activities
12. Which card do volunteers’ use for parking?
A. yellow card
B. blue card
C. pink card
13. What is the main way of latest advertisement?
14. Where do most volunteers come from?
A. primary school
B. the same secondary school
C. local clubs
15. Volunteers can join in activity such as barbecue, what will not be provided during barbecue?
B. vegetarian food
16. Sculpture (on the left of entrance; the first one on the bottom left)
17. Wood carving (2nd one on the bottom left wood carving)
18. Art exhibition (top left of map; the main exhibition area of the map)
19. Pottery (2nd one start from right; it was used for photograph, but many people do not agree, so built it as pottery)
20. Oil painting (the first one from right hand)
主题：Field trip to Quebec in Canada
31. Every student should make registration at reception.
32. 路上设置了很多 telephone 亭 for safety.
33. 测量data 看看 climate 变化情况/driving on rock road may cause severedamage to cars.
34. Small town with only 300 habitats, there will be disturbing insects.
35. Radison Centre looks after cities’ ecology.
36. May need to have car repairs, keep your eyes open.
37. In the area of Mukang, there are Not many types of plants.
38. Photographs of birds should be taken for future analysis.
39. Road is dangerous because it had some hidden pools.
40. Water samples will be checked for coming with rainfall.
Describe a time you enjoyed a free day off work or school.
You should say:
when it was
where you were
what you did
how long the free time lasted
and explain how you felt about it.
1. 这道题目让我们描述”a time”，可见是一道事件题，回答时需要注意连接词的使用;
3. 题目问到了“what you did”，我们可以按照时间顺序列举一些活动，一定要注意连接词的使用，使得“coherence”满足要求。
It was during the New Year’s time not long ago when I enjoyed a free day off school.
I began my day late, which meant that I got up really late in the day. In the usual days, I needed to get up early to attend my classes which usually began at 8.00 am and thus I needed to reach there before the class hour. Therefore I chose to stay in bed on my free day off for a little longer than usual before getting up.
Then I got up at about 10am and enjoyed a really hearty breakfast, which seemed to be a luxury during my usual busy schedule. When I had classes in the mornings, I would grab something to eat on the go so I decided to sit down and enjoy some nice foods and a cup of tasty coffee to kick start my free day.
After finishing my breakfast, I went to the Xiaoyushan Park where I could find some serenity. The park was situated on top of a hill by the beach so I sat there, looked at the city and thought about my 2018, which just passed. Then, I went to a cat cafe nearby so that I could cuddle and stroke some cats while I enjoyed my lunch. I had always wanted to keep a cat as a pet however I still lived in the school accommodation where we were not allowed to keep a pet. By chilling out with the cats in the cafe, I felt that all the confusion and annoyance from my study flew away. I stayed in the cafe until dust, when I walked to the beach down the hill. The beach provided a very nice view and actually, I was fond of enjoying the sunset on a beach. So I picked a spot and sat down, watched the sun disappear and left the beach after it was totally dark. I took a bus back to my dorm, took a hot bath and ended my free day by enjoying some TV programmes before going to sleep.
I found my free day off quite healing. My regular days were extremely intolerable because as a student of undergraduate, I needed to remain busy round the day. I had to participate in multiple activities related to my academic studies while sparing some time for extracurricular stuff such as being involved in the Students’ Union. Therefore, when I had the free day off, I didn’t want to set an agenda for it. I just wanted to take the time to really relax and refresh and in fact, I did feel emotionally and physically ready for new challenges ahead after my one day off.
hearty adj. 丰盛的
on the go 在路上
serenity n. 宁静
cuddle v. 拥抱
stroke v. 轻抚
kick start 开始
dust n. 黄昏
healing adj. 治愈的
1. What do people like to do when they are free in your country ?
• example：宅在家stay at home(打扫卫生、和家人在一起)，出去看电影，去爬山
There are a number of things people like to do. For example, some of Chinese people like to stay at home whenever they are free as they are so tired by their busy work and study. When they are free, they prefer to stay at home, do some housework or enjoy some time with their families. Also there some Chinese who like to spend their time outdoors, such as walking in a park or climbing a mountain. Nowadays, more and more people in China take healthy lifestyle seriously. So some outdoor activities are becoming a more popular choice when it comes to a free day out.
take … seriously 重视……
2. Do you think parents should make plans for their children ?
• reason：孩子是独立的个体，他们应当自己决定自己的计划;孩子通过自己决定自己的计划，可以学会时间管理(time management);如果家长为孩子制定计划，那肯定都是让孩子上补习班，孩子得不到休息。
I would say no to this question. To me all children are independent individuals who should be empowered to plan their own time. Besides, by making plans of their time, children can achieve the ability of time management which will be beneficial to them in the long run. Last but not the least, if parents are making plans for their children, they will fill kids’t spare time with many extracurricular classes which adds extra burden to a kid.
be empowered to do 被赋权做某事
in the long run 长远来看
3. Do you think most people are able to manage their free time ?
Definitely not. Actually most people are unable to manage their free time perfectly. For example, some people tend to waste their free time on the phone or computer games which are unhealthy to their eyes and bodies. What’s more, it’s unusual for many people to make plans for their free time as they didn’t learn the skill of time management when they were kids.
perfectly adv. 完美地【阅读】
可参考真题：C11T3P1：The Story of Silk
15. overkill model
17. empirical evidence
18. climatic instability
20. younger Dryas event
可参考真题：C9T1P3：The History of the Tortoise
Mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and in northern species, a covering of long hair. They lived from the Ptiocene epoch from around 5 million years ago, into the Hotocene at about 4,500 years ago, and were members of the family Elephantidae, which contains, along with mammoths, the two genera of modern elephants and their ancestors.
A Like their modern relatives, mammoths were quite large. The largest known species reached heights in the region of 4m at the shoulder and weights up t0 8 tonnes, while exceptionally large males may have exceeded 12 tonnes. However, most species of mammoth were only about as large as a modern Asian elephant. Both sexes bore tusks. A first, small set appeared at about the age of six months and these were replaced at about 18 months by the permanent set. Growth of the permanent set was at a rate of about l t0 6 inches per year. Based on studies of their close relatives, the modem elephants, mammoths probably had a gestation period of 22 months, resulting in a single calf being born. Their social structure was probably the same as that of African and Asian elephants, with females living in herds headed by a matriarch, whilst hulls lived solitary lives or formed loose groups after sexual maturity.
B MEXICO CITY-Although it’s hard to imagine in this age of urban sprawl and automobiles, North America once belonged to mammoths, camels, ground sloths as large as cows, bear-size beavers and other formidable beasts. Some 11,000 years ago, however, these large bodied mammals and others-about 70 species in all-disappeared. Their demise coincided roughly with the arrival of humans in the New World and dramatic climatic change-factors that have inspired several theories about the die-off. Yet despite decades of scientific investigation, the exact cause remains a mystery. Now new findings offer support to one of these controversial hypotheses: that human hunting drove this megafaunal menagerie ( 巨型动物兽群)to extinction. The overkill model emerged in the 1960s, when it was put forth by Paul S. Martin of the University of Arizona. Since then, critics have charged that no evidence exists to support the idea that the first Americans hunted to the extent necessary to cause these extinctions. But at the annual meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology in Mexico City last October, paleoecologist John Alroy of the University of California at Santa Barbara argued that, in fact, hunting-driven extinction is not only plausible, it was unavoidable. He has determined, using a computer simulation that even a very modest amount of hunting would have wiped these animals out.
C Assuming an initial human population of 100 people that grew no more than 2 percent annually, Alroy determined that if each band of, say, 50 people killed 15 to 20 large mammals a year, humans could have eliminated the animal populations within 1,000 years. Large mammals in particular would have been vulnerable to the pressure because they have longer gestation periods than smaller mammals and their young require extended care.
D Not everyone agrees with Alroy’s assessment. For one, the results depend in part on population-size estimates for the extinct animals-figures that are not necessarily reliable. But a more specific criticism comes from mammalogist Ross D. E. MacPhee of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, who points out that the relevant archaeological record contains barely a dozen examples of stone points embedded in mammoth bones (and none, it should be noted, are known from other megafaunal remains)-hardly what one might expect if hunting drove these animals to extinction. Furthermore, some of these species had huge rangesthe giant Jefferson’s ground sloth, for example, lived as far north as the Yukon and as far south as Mexicowhich would have made slaughtering them in numbers sufficient to cause their extinction rather implausible, he says.
E MacPhee agrees that humans most likely brought about these extinctions (as well as others around the world that coincided with human arrival), but not directly. Rather he suggests that people may have introduced hyperlethal disease, perhaps through their dogs or hitchhiking vermin, which then spread wildly among the immunologically naive species of the New World. As in the overkill model, populations of large mammals would have a harder time recovering. Repeated outbreaks of a hyperdisease could thus quickly drive them to the point of no return. So far MacPhee does not have empirical evidence for the hyperdisease hypothesis, and it won’t be easy to come by: hyperlethal disease would kill far too quickly to leave its signature on the bones themselves. But he hopes that analyses of tissue and DNA from the last mammoths to perish will eventually reveal murderous microbes.
F The third explanation for what brought on this North American extinction does not involve human beings. Instead, its proponents blame the loss on the weather. The Pleistocene epoch witnessed considerable climatic instability, explains paleontologist Russell W. Graham of the Denver Museum of Nature and Science. As a result, certain habitats disappeared, and species that had once formed communities split apart. For some animals, this change brought opportunity. For much of the megafauna, however, the increasingly homogeneous environment left them with shrinking geographical ranges-a death sentence for large animals, which need large ranges. Although these creatures managed to maintain viable populations through most of the Pleistocene, the final major fluctuation-the so-called Younger Dryas eventpushed them over the edge, Graham says. For his part, Alroy is convinced that human hunters demolished the titans of the Ice Age. The overkill model explains everything the disease and climate scenarios explain, he asserts, and makes accurate predictions about which species would eventually go extinct. “Personally, I’m a vegetarian,” he remarks, “and I find all of this kind of gross-but believable.”
可参考真题：C10T2P2：Gifted Children and Learning【写作】
1. 注意改写题目，1980到2000刚好二十年的时间，可以变为two decades.
3. 时态：过去时, 过去完成时;
6. 电话和书面档案(paper document)的使用时间下降;
The two pie charts give information about how much time was spent on activities in an American office over two decades (1980-2000).
It is clear that in 1980, the most popular activities in the office was to phone other people, accounted for around 30%. Followed by using paper document, took up of 20% of the total percentage. Meanwhile, using computer was the lowest, only 2% of workers prefer this method. The ratio of face-to-face communication, meeting and other activities were similar, accounted for 14%, 19% and 15% respectively.
There had been some changes in the ways of working in 2000. One of the major differences was that people started to use email to communicate at work, which made up of 8%. Also, the time spent on computers took up the highest proportion (30%). Meanwhile, holding meetings became the least popular for employees (6%). The rate of paper document decreased by half, while the proportion of other activities and talking stayed constant.
Overall, it can be seen from the chart that instead of the traditional approach such as using paper document or face-to-face meetings, the use of technology had been adopted by many office workers.
Some people hold that we should spend amount of time and money on the protection of wild animals. Some people argue that they should be spent on human populations. To what extent do you agree or disagree ?
In these days, with some improper human activities such as hunting rare animals and the extinction of some endangered animals, there has been an intense debate about whether too many resources, including time and money, are allocated to preserve wild animals.
Proponents of this opinion may argue that human beings could have done more to safeguard wild animals from being extinct, so that less animals would have died out or diminished. After all, animals, as a key component of the whole food chain, exert a profound impact on the sustainability of an ecosystem. And every existent animal plays a crucial part in the nature balance. For example, the decrease of owls will lead to the multiplication of voles which are big eaters of crops. If the importance of protecting wildlife is underestimated, we human beings would be affected adversely in the end.
However, considering the allocation of the taxes levied from citizens, opponents believe that the government has more issues related to human rather than animals to give priority to, among which are education and technology, and there is no doubt that these two aspects are essential for human further development economically and environmentally; as a result the two industries give an impetus to the economic development of society, which will be conducive to the protection of wildlife in turn. As long as the government has the ability to construct more conservations for diverse animals, and the awareness of valuing animals is cultivated among all the residents, the better living environment can be guaranteed for all the wildlife.
From my perspective, considerable significance should be attached to the preservation of wildlife, but in the meantime, other crucial projects should not be ignored, especially education and technology.