The Chinese government regards environmental protection as a basic national policy. Environmental protection not only has a bearing on the overall situation of China’s modernization drive and its long-term development, but also constitutes an undertaking which will benefit the Chinese people of today and their descendents. Sticking to environmental protection as a basic national policy, Chinese government has deeply implemented sustainable strategies for development. Adhering to the principle of comprehensive control with the emphasis on prevention, entire push-on with breakthroughs in key areas, Chinese government has made great efforts to solve those striking environmental problems threatening people’s health. It has persisted in institutional innovation, relied on technological advances, strengthened the role of law in environmental protection and brought into full play the initiative of various sectors of the society. Thanks to the achievements in our environmental protection, the trend toward aggravated environmental pollution and ecological destruction has slowed down, pollution control in some river basins has achieved some initial success, the environmental quality of some cities and regions has improved to some extent, and the extent of pollution discharge of industrial products has lessened.