七年级级英语上册知识点

2019-11-20 17:15:00   无忧考网     [ 字体: ] [ 手机版 ] [ 文档预览 ] [ 文档下载 ]

【导语】学习效率的高低,是一个学生综合学习能力的体现。在学生时代,学习效率的高低主要对学习成绩产生影响。当一个人进入社会之后,还要在工作中不断学习新的知识和技能,这时候,一个人学习效率的高低则会影响他(或她)的工作成绩,继而影响他的事业和前途。可见,在中学阶段就养成好的学习习惯,拥有较高的学习效率,对人一生的发展都大有益处。下面是无忧考网为您整理的《七年级级英语上册知识点》,仅供大家参考。



【篇一】


※1. 名词

①表示人或事物的名称,如 boy, clock, book, tree。

总的说来,名词分为专有名词和普通名词两大类。

专有名词是个别的人、事物、地点等专有的名称,如: Jim, China

专有名词的第一个字母要大写,如:Beijing, New York


②名词按其所表示的事物的性质分为可数名词和不可数名词。

可数名词:可以用数目计算,有单数和复数两种形式,如:an apple, two apples, a car, some cars

不可数名词:一般无法用数目计算,没有复数形式,且不用不定冠词a/an修饰,如:water, milk, meat, tea, bread, rice


③单数名词变复数名词的规则如下表:


注:①少数名词的复数是不规则的,如: man→men woman→women child→children

②表示民族的名词,有的在词尾加 s ,如: an American→three Americans

③有的单、复数形式相同,如: a Chinese→four Chinese a sheep→three sheep a deer→five deer


※2. 冠词

冠词是一种虚词,不能单独使用,只能和一个名词一起使用,并帮助说明此名词。冠词有两类,即定冠词the 和不定冠词a/an。

①不定冠词 常表示“一”的概念,有两种形式:a和an。a用在辅音音素开头的单数可数名词前,如:a book, a pen;an用在元音音素开头的名词前,如:an apple,an orange,an egg。


②定冠词the 常表示“这个”“那个”“这些”“那些”的概念,the在元音音素前读,在辅音音素前读 ,如:the moon, the evening。

eg. ①-Do you have an English book?

-Yes, but the English book is broken.


② There is a chicken in the picture.


③ We can't see the sun at night.


④ The Browns are going to the park this Sunday.


⑤ Shanghai is in the east of China.


※3. 形容词

用来修饰名词,表示人或事物的特征,在句中可以作定语、表语、宾语补足语。

如: It's a sunny day today. Let's go to the park.

This book is good.

It's very nice of you to help us.


常见形容词的同义词与近义词:

large→big 大的

glad→happy/pleased 高兴的

clever→bright 聪明的

ill→sick 病的

fine→well 好的


常见形容词的反义词和对应词:

bad(坏的)→good(好的)

big(大的)→small(小的)

busy(忙的)→ free(空闲的)

dry(干的)→wet(湿的)

same(相同的)→different(不同的)

empty(空的)→full(满的)

cold(寒冷的)→hot(热的)

open(开着的)→closed(关闭的)

poor(穷的)→rich(富的)


※4. 副词

用来修饰动词、形容词、其他副词或全句,在句中作状语或表语。

eg. Now he is back in New York again.

现在他又回到了纽约。

Mike is a good student. He often does his homework carefully.


副词一般分为七大类:

①时间副词: now, often, then, early, ago, before

②地点副词: here, there, out, above, up, down

③方式副词: hard, well, badly, fast, slowly

④程度副词: very, much, still, almost, too, so

⑤疑问副词: how, when, why, where

⑥关系副词: when, where, why

⑦连接副词: now, where, why


often 等表示“频率”的时间副词,总被放在句子中间,又称“中置副词”。这类副词有 always(总是)、 usually(通常)、sometimes(有时)、ever(曾经)、never(从不)等。

“中置”规律:

①放在单个的 be 动词之后;

②放在单个实义动词之前;

③谓语动词为多个词时,放在第一个助动词或情态动词之后。

如: You are always late for school. 你总是上学迟到。

I usually go to school by bike.

I never see that book.

He often helps other students.

He goes to work on foot sometimes.


※5. 比较等级

在进行比较的时候,形容词和副词有原级、比较级和级三种形式。

规则形容词和副词的比较级和级加 -er或-est。

(1)不规则变化的形容词和副词如下:

→better→best


→wors →worst


(许多)many/much→more→most

(几乎没有)little→less→least

(远的)far→farther→farthest

(老的,旧的)old


(2)三种句型

① 原级句型:

as+形容词/副词+as,表示“和…一样”;否定句式:not as/so +形容词/副词+as,表示“和…不一样”。

eg. I think Kate does just as well as Ann.

If you like the chicken, you may have as much as you can.

I don't like the film. It's not so interesting as that one.


② 比较级句型:

a. 主语+谓语+比较级+than+其它,表示“较…一些”。

eg. This city is more beautiful than that one.

It is hotter today than yesterday.

He is a much nicer worker.


b. 比较级+and+比较级,more and more+原级,表示“越来越…”,说明本身程度的改变。

eg. The world's population is growing faster and faster.

世界人口增长得越来越快。

more and more beautiful

越来越漂亮


c. the+比较级, the+比较级,表示“越…就越…”,说明随着前边条件的变化,后边的结果也发生变化。

eg. The more she eats, the fatter she'll be. 她吃得越多就会越胖。

The more, the better. 越多越好。


③ 级句型:

主语+谓语+(the)形容词或副词的级+in/of

注:级前一般要用the,如: He is the most careful student.

但在副词级前the可以省去,如:He writes(the)most carefully in his class.

This kind of cake is the most delicious.

I like English best.

Mike is the youngest in his class.

He runs fastest.

【篇二】


(1)this和that是指示代词,it是人称代词。

(2)距离说话人近的人或物用this, 距离说话人远的人或物用that。

如: This is a flower. 这是一朵花。(近处)That is a tree. 那是一棵树。(远处)

(3)放在一起的两样东西,先说this, 后说that。

如: This is a pen. That is a pencil. 这是一支钢笔。那是一支铅笔。

(4)向别人介绍某人时说This is…, 不说That is…。

如:This is Helen. Helen, this is Tom. 这是海伦,海伦,这是汤姆。

(5)This is 不能缩写, 而That is可以缩写。

如: This is a bike. That’s a car. 这是一辆自行车。那是一辆轿车。

(6)打电话时,介绍自己用this, 询问对方用that。

如: —Hello! Is that Miss Green? 喂,是格林小姐吗? —Yes, this is. Who’s that? 是的,我是,你是谁?

注意:虽然汉语中使用“我”和“你”,但英语中打电话时绝不可以说:I am…, Are you…?/Who are you? (7)在回答this或that作主语的疑问句时, 要用it代替this或that。

如: ①—Is this a notebook? 这是笔记本吗?—Yes, it is. 是的,它是。

②—What’s that? 那是什么?—It’s a kite. 是只风筝。

【篇三】


unit5. Do you have a soccer ball?

句型: Do you have a TV? Yes, I do/No, I don’t.

Do they have a computer? Yes, they do./No, they don’t.

Does he have a tennis racket? Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t.

Does she have a soccer ball? Yes, she does./No, she doesn’t.

Does he have a ping-pang ball? Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t.

Let’s play soccer. Let me help you.

I don’t have a soccer ball. That sounds good.

语法:1,句中不含be(am,is,are)动词的 一般疑问句的变法。 也就是说句中谓语动词是实义动词时,要变为一般疑问句,在句首加do/does(当主语是第三人称单数的时候用does),第一人称变第二人称,动词变原形其他的语序不变。I have a computer. – Do you have a computer? She likes playing ping-pang.- Does she like playing ping-pang.肯定回答用yes, 主语+do/does.否定回答用No,主语+don’t/doesn’t.

2一般句子中当主语是第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词要起变化。具体的变化为:一般情况加s, know-knows,以s,x,ch,sh,o结尾的加es, teach-teaches, go-goes, 以辅音字母加y结尾,把y改为i, 再加es study-studies

3, do/does 叫做助动词(语法需要加上去翻译部出来的动词)时,后面接动词原形,

Does he like reading? She doesn’t like reading. She doesn’t do her homework.

但是如果做实义动词(能翻译出来意思的动词)呢,遇到主语第三人称单数就要起变化。

She does her homework.

4,have的第三人称单数为 has.

5, let sb do sth 让某人做某事 (sb代表人,如果是代词用宾格,do代表动词原形)

6,play+球类 表示“踢,打,玩......” play football

play+the+乐器 表示“弹奏……乐器” play the piano

unit6 Do you like bananas?

句型:Do you like salad? Yes, I do./No, I don’t.

Does he like pears? Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t.

I like oranges. I don’t like oranges.

Running star eats lots of healthy food.

语法: 句中谓语动词是实义动词的陈述句,变否定形式在实义动词前加don’t\doesn’t(主语是第三人称单数时用doesn’t’).

like doing sth/like to do sth 喜欢做某事

I like swimming. She likes to eat hamburgers.

Unit7 How much are these pants?

句型:How much is the red sweater? It’s eight dollars.

What’s the price of the red sweater? It’s eight dollars.

How much are these black pants? They’re ten dollars.

What’s the price of these black pants? They’re ten dollars.

Can I help you?=What can I do for you?

Yes, please. I want a sweater.

What color do you want? Blue.

Here you are. How much is it?

Nine dollars. I’ll take it.

Anyone can afford our prices.

Come and see for yourself at Huaxing Clothes Store.

We have sweaters at a very good price.

You can buy socks for only $1 each.

The girl in red is my friend.

The green shorts are on sale for $25.

结构: 询问价格 How much + is/are + 物品名称?

What’s the price of+ 物品名称? ……多少钱?

回答:It’s/They’re + 价格

Unit8 When is your birthday?

句型:When is your birthday? My birthday is November 11th.

When is Liu Ping’s birthday? Her birthday is on September 5th.

When is his birthday? It’s March 21st.

语法: 月份前用介词in, in May 在六月, 但是具体到某一天用介词on, on May 1st.

Unit9 Do you want to go to a movie?

句型:Do you want to go to a movie? Yes, I do./ No, I don’t.

Does he want to go to a movie? Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t.

What kind of movies do you like? I like action movies and comedies.

I like thrillers and l like Beijing Opera.

I like comedies but I don’t like documentaries.

She often goes to see Chinese action movies on weekends.

She thinks she can learn about Chinese history.

He really likes his movies.

Mike’ father likes it, too! = Mike’s father also like it.

I think it’s boring/exciting/interesting/relaxing.

She is bored/excited/interested/relaxed.

语法:too, also也,都用于肯定句中,但是also用于句中,too用于句末,且用逗号隔开。

Unit10 Can you play the guitar?

句型:Can you dance? Yes, I can./No, I can’t.

Can he paint? Yes, he can./ No, he can’t.

Can she speak English? Yes, she can./No, she can’t.

What club do you want to join? We want to join the chess club.

I want to join the basketball club.

What can you do? I can play the guitar.

Are you good with kids?

Can you help kids with swimming? Come and join us!

Musicians wanted for school music festival.

Can you draw? Yes, a little. I want to learn about art.

Do you have an e-mail address?

语法:一般疑问句总结:be动词提前型,句首加助动词do/does型,can/could/may/will/would等情态动词开头型, 回答一律用yes/No回答。注意,助动词和情态动词后接动词一定用原形。

结构:1 join与 join in 的区别

join 参加,指参加某项活动

join in 加入 着重加入某种组织,团体,政党并成为其中一员。

2,help sb do sth/help sb with doing sth 帮助某人做某事

3, be good at=be well in 在……擅长,擅长于

be good for 对…… 有好处

be good with 和……相处的很好

4, learn about sth 学习有关于……


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