到底是选SAT还是ACT?你选对了吗

2017-08-14 13:27:00   三立在线教育     [ 字体: ] [ 手机版 ] [ 文档预览 ] [ 文档下载 ]

【导语】AT和ACT一直被称为美国高考,随着赴美留学越来越热,这两个考试也逐渐进入家长和同学的眼中,但是无忧考网发现,许多小伙伴在准备考试的时候非常盲目,并没有弄清楚二者之间的区别,很多小伙伴不太清楚自己应该选择哪个,今天无忧考网联合三立在线教育的老师为大家分析下两者的区别。

  你需要了解的第一件事情就是,SAT和ACT考试从作用上讲,有着显著的相似性。首先这两者都是以多项选择为主要形式的考试,用来测试你是否已经准备好接受大学教育。其次,对于你想要申请的大学来说,他们同时接受并认可SAT和ACT的成绩。而且,任何一所大学都对SAT和ACT分数一视同仁,并没有对任何一个考试表现出偏好。

  SAT

  我们先来看下SAT考试的特点。SAT是一个依赖语境的测试,这意味着你如果在话题外有很广泛的知识积累,你将在考试中取得更好的成绩。数学部分的测试就是一个很好的例子:SAT考试中,如果有学生不会用一个传统的公式来解出一道题目,他同样可以使用逻辑学或其他的算法解决自己知识储备上的不足。语言部分的测试,则要求学生长期处于一个英语环境中,因为题目通常会比较迂回,关注于一些并不被大家熟知的文学作品,而且经常会包括一些英语语言中很细枝末节的差别。(比如,你曾经试图解释“peppered”和“littered”两个单词的差别吗?)写作的部分则要求学生评价一篇文章,并说明作者使用了哪些修辞手法来有效表达自己的观点,这种时候,如果你了解一些修辞概念,比如文章的气质、标志语、动人的表达法,就能起到很关键的作用。总的来说,长期处于英语文化下,以及拥有很好的批判性思维的学生,可以在SAT考试中更加如鱼得水。

  ACT

  相比较而言,ACT就是一个更加程式化的考试,换言之,你在考试之外的知识积累不一定能派上用场。ACT的数学测试对于那些不熟悉特定公式和概念的孩子来讲,就要困难许多,因为他们很难找到另外的方法来解出这些题目。即便是在英语测试的部分,对固定语法结构的知识也是非常必要的。阅读部分侧重考察学生复述细节的能力,只是简单地要求学生描述文章中发生了什么,而不是去分析文章的内容。ACT的写作部分,会要求学生评价针对同一问题的不同观点,并填充论据和例子,来写出一篇强有力的论文。擅长于记忆和复述事实的孩子会在ACT考试中有更出色的表现。

  那么,对于每一个具体的孩子而言,在SAT和ACT之间做出选择时,除了考试内容的不同外,备考难度、考试时间安排、报名方式及渠道等等诸多要素,都应该考虑在内。

  关于SAT和ACT考试,到底该选择哪个?在总结多年学生指导经验后,PO团队给出的专业建议是什么?敬请期待明天的微信推送,我们将结合真实的学生案例,为大家揭晓SAT和ACT的选择之谜。

  The college application process is getting more and more competitive every year; now more than ever, your standardized test score is an important pillar in your entire profile. Before you begin studying for the actual test, however, you first have to decide: which standardized test is better, the SAT or the ACT? The answer is a lot more complicated than you think.

The first thing to remember is that there are distinct similarities between the two. Both are almost entirely multiple-choice exams designed to test your college readiness. Both allow you to choose which scores you would like to send to your hopeful universities. Neither deduct points for incorrect answers. Most importantly, all universities accept both SAT and ACT, and they do not hold preference or merit to either one.

The SAT is a test based on context, which means that an expanded knowledge of outside topics will prove useful. The Math section is a good example of this: if students do not know the traditional formula to find a solution, they can use logic and alternative methods to work around their lack of knowledge. The Verbal section requires a lifetime of exposure to the English language as questions tend to be more roundabout, focus on unfamiliar pieces of literature, and often include nuances in the English language (have you ever tried to explain the difference between “peppered” and “littered?”). The Essay section asks students to examine a passage and explain how the author uses rhetorical devices to construct an effective article—knowledge of concepts such as ethos, logos, and pathos are crucial. Students with a lifetime of exposure to English literature and a strong background in critical thinking will feel more comfortable on the SAT.

The ACT is a test based on formula, which means that outside knowledge will not provide much help. The Math section is less forgiving for students who are unfamiliar with a specific formula or concept, and they will not be able to easily find an alternative route to the solution. Even on the English section, knowledge of strict grammar structures is necessary. The Reading section tests on your ability to recall details; it simply asks students about what happened in the passage rather than analyze it. The ACT Essay asks students to evaluate different perspectives on an issue, then build them into strong arguments with reasons and examples. Students who are able to remember and regurgitate the facts will excel on the ACT. Much like using your left hand or your right hand, different people will feel comfortable taking different tests. What's the professional advice from Prestige Only consultants? Please looking forward to our WeChat article tomorrow! We will bring you the answers.

  上面,我们带大家深入了解并对比了SAT和ACT考试的特点及不同。总的来说SAT更加注重考察学生的批判性思维能力及英语文化积累,ACT相较而言更加程式化,对于非英语母语的孩子们来讲,备考中提分的效率会更高。

  我们为什么推荐ACT考试

  在PO,我们会强烈建议学生避开SAT考试,而去选择ACT考试。因为对于学生们而言,SAT考试充满了不确定性因素,这包括它持续进行的修改、臭名昭著的作弊丑闻,以及高难度的测试形式。

  1.2016年,SAT对它的测试结构进行了大规模调整,使得许多学生和考试培训的专家仍然在努力去消化这种变化,为适应新的题目而积极准备。技术上讲,SAT考试目前仍然在不断调整中,学生在每一次新的考试中还能看到陌生的提问方式。

  2.进一步来讲,SAT的作弊丑闻以及大规模取消考试的现象已经成为考生和家长们普遍的担忧,有谁愿意花费这样大量的人力、物力和财力来为一个随时可能取消的考试做准备呢?国际考生们也在慢慢无路可走,就在刚刚过去的2017年上半年,为了打击考试作弊行为,美国大学理事会(CB)宣布取消6月份的国际生考试(SATII科目考试仍然照常进行)。

  3.最后一点,SAT考试要求学生在英语语言及文化环境中有很长时间的经验。很多人可能会想要反驳说,SAT考试比ACT考试给了孩子们更充足的答题时间,的确,不可否认的是,SAT的阅读每篇文章学生平均有13分钟的阅读时间,而ACT只有9分钟。但是SAT的考生们需要把多出来的每一分钟都用在分析一篇完全不熟悉的文学作品上。

  给非英语母语考生们的建议

  对于非英语母语的考生来说,ACT考试要舒服的多。原因在于阅读文章以及题目更加直接,而且整个测试更加程式化,这就意味着学生可以学习和应用更加有效的应试策略。许多家庭也热衷于现在由SAT考试转换为参加ACT考试,因为ACT取消考试的可能性要低得多,第一次在亚洲取消考试的事件发生在去年暑期。虽然考试中ACT比SAT答题时间短也可能成为家长和考生的一个担心,但是考生们很快会发现,相较于SAT考试而言,他们有能力更加有效和自信地应对ACT考试。

  就像我们有些人是右撇子,有些人是左撇子一样,不同的人可能选择不同的考试会感觉更加自在。举个例子来说,我们有个学生L,她的IB课程取得41分(满分42分),连续多年获得荣誉学生,是一个能力非常全面的学霸。但是在SAT的考试中却很难突破1400分(满分1600分)。她挣扎了几年之后,最终放弃了选择SAT考试,然后尝试了一下ACT模考。第一次尝试ACT考试的时候,就取得了36分的满分成绩,终于又回到正轨,信心满满地向着自己梦想中的学校冲刺。

  这不是一个简单的决定

  你可以向专业人士咨询

  在SAT和ACT考试之间进行选择,是一个比较艰巨的任务,但是你要相信有很多具体的因素可以帮助你做出最有效的选择!如果关于SAT和ACT的考试有任何你觉得疑惑或者担心的地方,欢迎与启德高端留学的专业顾问取得联系,他们将帮助你确认最适合你的考试!同学们加油!

  At Prestige Only, we strongly recommend that our students avoid the SAT. The SAT is too unpredictable for students due to its ongoing revisions, notorious cheating scandals, and difficult testing style. In 2016, the SAT rolled out massive changes to its testing structure that many students and test preparation experts are still struggling to comprehend and prepare for. The test is still technically under revision, and students are seeing unfamiliar question types on every new exam.

Furthermore, the SATs cheating scandals and mass cancellations are a common concern—who wants to put in all that time, energy, and money to take a cancelled test? International test takers are running out of options as well: in early 2017, College Board announced that the International June SAT was cancelled in order to discourage cheating (SAT II Subject Tests were still available).

Lastly, the SAT is an exam that requires a strong, lifelong background in English language and literature. Many are tempted to argue that the SAT gives students more time than the ACT, and it is undeniable that the SAT Reading gives you 13 minutes per passage while the ACT Reading only gives you 9. However, students taking the SAT spend every second of those extra minutes struggling to analyze an unfamiliar piece of literature.

The ACT is far more comfortable for students whom English is not their first language. The questions and passages are more direct, and the test is way more formulaic—which means that students can study and implement more efficient test-taking strategies. Many families are also keen to switch now because the ACT is way less prone to cancellation: the first ACT cancellation in Asia happened only last summer. While the shorter exam time will always be a concern, students will find that they are able to prepare more effectively and –most importantly—more confidently!

Much like using your left hand or your right hand, different people will feel comfortable taking different tests. Take, for example, Lucy (name changed to protect her privacy). Lucy was an IB 41/42, multiple-year honors student, and an all-around academic superstar, but struggled to break 1400 out of 1600 on the SAT. After several years of struggling, she finally conceded and tried an ACT diagnostic exam. She scored a perfect 36 on her first try, and is back on track towards applying to her dream school.

The SAT vs ACT might seem like a daunting question, but there are plenty of factors that can be broken down to help you make the most productive decision! If you have any questions or concerns, reach out to your PO Senior Consultant. They’ll work with you to find the test that you will be the most comfortable and confident with. Happy Studying!

  

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