2018年考博英语词汇之形近词辨析:S

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【导语】词汇的复习是考博英语后续复习的基础,掌握了词根词缀,背起单词来更快,理解更深。以下是无忧考网为大家整理的《2018年考博英语词汇之形近词辨析:S》供您查阅。

  1. sanction sanitation sanction


  n.批准;允许;认可,制裁,处罚,约束力 Poetry is one of the sanctions of life. sanitation


  n.公共卫生,保持公共卫生,公共卫生设施


  2. secret secretive secret


  n.秘密, 秘诀, 奥秘


  adj.(事物)秘密的, 隐秘的, 幽静的、 secretive


  adj.(人)守口如瓶的


  3. sob sober somber sob


  v.哭诉, (风等)发呜咽声, 哭泣 n.呜咽, 哭泣 sober


  adj.未醉的;清醒的,审慎的;严肃的;庄重的,不加装饰的;朴素无华的 somber


  adj.忧郁的,郁闷的,阴暗的;幽暗的


  4. solemn sole solemn


  adj.庄严的, 隆重的, 严肃的 sole


  adj.单独的, 的


  n.脚底, 鞋底, 基础 v.换鞋底


  5. status statute stature statue status


  n.身份, 地位, 情形, 状况 statute


  n.法令, 条例 stature n.身高, 身材 statue


  vt.以雕像装饰 n.雕像


  6. stationary stationery stationary


  adj.固定的;不动的


  Wait until the bus is stationary before you get off. stationery


  n.文具, 信纸


  7. stimulate simulate simultaneous spontaneous instantaneous stimulate


  vt.激励,鼓励;使兴奋 simulate


  vt.模拟, 模仿,假装, 冒充 simultaneous


  adj.同时的, 同时发生的 spontaneous


  adj.(行为)自发的 ,无意识的(现象) 自然产生的 The eruption of a volcano is spontaneou


  The two suddenly embraced in a spontaneous gesture of affection. instantaneous


  adj.瞬间的, 即刻的, 即时的


  8.subside subsidy subsidize subsist subside


  vi.(土地)下 陷,凹陷,(恶劣的气候或其他激烈的情况)平息,消退,平静 下沉;落下;坐下 subsidy


  n.补贴;补助金 subsidize


  vt.资助;津贴 subsist


  vi.生存;维持


  9. summit submit summit


  n.顶点, 阶层


  adj.政府首脑的


  vi.参加级会议的 submit


  v.(使)服从, (使)顺从 vt.提交, 递交


  10 synonymous anonymous unanimous synonymous


  adj.(后面与with连用)同义的 anonymous


  adj.匿名的 unanimous


  adj.全体一致的,无异议的


  He was elected with unanimous approval.


  一致通过的


  The whole school was unanimous in its approval of the head-master's plan.


  11 surpass trespass compass surpass


  vt.超越, 胜过 trespass


  vi.(常与on, upon连用)非法侵入; The farmer said we were trespassing. (与on连用)侵扰,打扰


  I won't trespass upon your time any longer. compass


  n.指南针,类似指南针的仪器,圆规;两脚规


  12. sacred scared scarce sacred


  adj神圣的, 宗教的, 庄严的 scared adj.恐惧的 scarce


  adj.缺乏的, 不足的, 稀有的, 不充足的


  13. snack snake statue stature snack


  n.小吃, 快餐, 一份 snake


  n.蛇 vi.曲折移动;蜿蜒而行 statue


  n.雕像,塑像 status


  n. ①身份, 地位, ②情形, 状况 stature


  n. ①成就;才干;②身高,身长


  14. signa single


  signal


  n.信号 v.发信号, 用信号通知 single


  adj.单独的, 单身的, 单纯的, 孤独的, 个别的


  15. stationary stationery stationary


  adj.静止的,固定的;不动的 stationery


  n.文具, 信纸